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Comparing measures of competitiveness


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  • Frohberg, Klaus
  • Hartmann, Monika
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    In their Europe Agreements with the EU, the Central and Eastern European countries stated their intention of joining the Union. To ease the process of accession these countries must adjust their economies already prior to becoming an EU-member. Agriculture requires special attention, because it still represents a large share of the total economy in these countries. A better understanding of the competitiveness of agricultural products at domestic and EU markets is essential for providing the necessary economic framework to make the process of joining the EU as smooth as possible.Competitiveness can be analyzed at various levels of the economy: at the enterprise level, the sector level, or the level of the entire economy. Several measures exist for each of these levels. This paper focuses on those used for sector analysis. Since the measures commonly employed for this purpose do not deliver the same results, a better understanding of the underlying causes is necessary. This paper discusses the differences between the various indicators. It identifies the factors leading to disagreement in the results obtained. -- G E R M A N V E R S I O N: In den Assoziierungsabkommen mit der EU haben die mittel- und osteuropäischen Länder ihr Interesse an einer EU-Mitgliedschaft bekundet. Um den Integrationsprozeß zu erleichtern, müssen diese Länder ihre Wirtschaft anpassen. Die Landwirtschaft verdient dabei besondere Aufmerksamkeit, da sie einen nicht geringen Anteil an der gesamten wirtschaftlichen Leistung erbringt. Kenntnis über die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit landwirtschaftlicher Produkte dieser Länder ermöglicht es, die ökonomischen Voraussetzungen für einen möglichst reibungslosen Übergang in die EU zu erreichen. Wettbewerbsfähigkeit läßt sich auf verschiedenen Stufen der Wirtschaft messen; auf betrieblicher Ebene, für einen Sektor oder für die gesamte Volkswirtschaft. Auf jeder dieser Stufen gibt es verschiedene Indikatoren. In diesem Diskussionspapier werden solche Indikatoren beschrieben, die zur Messung der Wettbewerbsfähigkeit auf sektoraler Ebene herangezogen werden können. Da sich die Meßzahlen unterscheiden und auch nicht zwingend die gleichen Ergebnisse liefern, ist die Kenntnis der Gründe für diese Abweichungen in den Ergebnissen sehr wichtig. Dieses Papier untersucht und beschreibt die Faktoren, die zu derartigen Unterschieden führen.

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    Paper provided by Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO) in its series IAMO Discussion Papers with number 2.

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    Date of creation: 1997
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:iamodp:14879

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    1. Luis A. Rivera-Batiz & Paul M. Romer, 1991. "International Trade with Endogenous Technological Change," NBER Working Papers 3594, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Scott, Linda & Vollrath, Thomas, 1992. "Global Competitive Advantages and Overall Bilateral Complementarity in Agriculture," Statistical Bulletin 154792, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
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    Cited by:
    1. Finco, Adele & Padella, Monica & Di Pronio, Guido & Pollonara, Mirco, 2008. "Dinamiche del commercio internazionale dell'olio di oliva italiano: un'analisi prospettica," 2008 XVI Convegno Annuale SIEA - Le Dinamiche del Commercio Agro-alimentare Tra Commodities e Prodotti Differenziati, 5-6 Giugno 2008, Trieste 48194, Italian Society of Agri-food Economics/Società Italiana di Economia Agro-Alimentare (SIEA).
    2. Möllers, Judith & Zier, Patrick & Frohberg, Klaus & Buchenrieder, Gertrud & Bojnec, Stefan, 2009. "Croatia's EU Accession: Socio-economic Assessment of Farm Households and Policy Recommendations," MPRA Paper 17365, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Lowe, Garfield G. & Davis, Carlton George, 2007. "CARICOM’s COMPETITIVENESS WITHIN THE US IMPORT MARKET FOR SPECIALTY CROPS: A SHIFT-SHARE ANALYSIS," 2006 West Indies Agricultural Economics Conference, July 2006, San Juan, Puerto Rico 36922, Caribbean Agro-Economic Society.
    4. Kristina Toming, 2006. "Accession To The Eu: Did It Boost The Export Competitiveness Of The Estonian Food Processing Industry?," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper Series 47, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).
    5. Mosoma, K., 2004. "Agricultural competitiveness and supply chain integration: South Africa, Argentina and Australia," Agrekon, Agricultural Economics Association of South Africa (AEASA), vol. 43(1), March.
    6. Banterle, Alessandro & Carraresi, Laura, 2006. "International trade and competitiveness analysis in the European Union: the case of prepared meat sector," 98th Seminar, June 29-July 2, 2006, Chania, Crete, Greece 10058, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    7. Carraresi, Laura & Banterle, Alessandro, 2008. "Measuring competitiveness in the EU market: a comparison between food industry and agriculture," 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium 43692, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    8. van Rooyen, Johan & Esterhuizen, Dirk & Stroebel, Lindie, 2011. "Analyzing the Competitive Performance of the South African Wine Industry," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IAMA), vol. 14(4).
    9. Klaus Frohberg & Patrick Zier & Judith Möllers & Gertrud Buchenrieder, 2010. "Croatia’s Dairy Sector—Can it Compete in the European Market?," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer, vol. 16(2), pages 223-236, May.
    10. Waqar Akhtar & M. Sharif & Hassnain Shah, 2009. "Competitiveness of Pakistani Fruits in the World Market," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 14(2), pages 125-133, Jul-Dec.
    11. Frohberg, Klaus & Hartmann, Monika, 2001. "Konsequenzen der Integration im Agrar- und Ernährungssektor zwischen Beitrittsländern und EU-15," IAMO Discussion Papers 35, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO).


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