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Are Real Exchange Rates Nonlinear or Nonstationary? Evidence from a new Threshold Unit Root Test

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  • Erdem Basci

    (Central Bank of Turkey)

  • Mehmet Caner

    (University of Pittsburgh)

Abstract

We analyze the post-float real exchange rates for a group of OECD countries using the newly developed threshold test and tests for unit roots against stationary but nonlinear alternative by Caner and Hansen ( 2001). These tools help us disentangle the nonlinearity from the nonstationarity rigorously for the first time in the literature. After applying the threshold test and unit root tests: we find evidence for non-linearity of exchange rates. Specifically real exchange rates behave like a unit root in a band and when the depreciation or appreciation of the currency against $US exceeds the boundaries of the band , the real exchange rates are mean-reverting. The threshold value is treated as unknown and estimated in the model.

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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series International Finance with number 0512001.

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Date of creation: 09 Dec 2005
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Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpif:0512001

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  1. Taylor, Mark P. & Peel, David A., 2000. "Nonlinear adjustment, long-run equilibrium and exchange rate fundamentals," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 33-53, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Sofiane Sekioua, 2004. "The forward unbiasedness hypothesis and the forward premium: a nonlinear analysis," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2003 85, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.
  2. Qaiser Munir & Kasim Mansur, 2009. "Is Malaysian Stock Market Efficient? Evidence from Threshold Unit Root Tests," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 29(2), pages 1359-1370.
  3. Svetlana Maslyuk & Russell Smyth, 2007. "Non-Linear Unit Root Properties of Crude Oil Production," Development Research Unit Working Paper Series 39-07, Monash University, Department of Economics.
  4. Qian, Xi-Yuan & Song, Fu-Tie & Zhou, Wei-Xing, 2008. "Nonlinear behaviour of the Chinese SSEC index with a unit root: Evidence from threshold unit root tests," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 387(2), pages 503-510.
  5. Derek Bond & Michael J. Harrison & Edward J. O'Brien, 2006. "Purchasing Power Parity: The Irish Experience Re-visited," Trinity Economics Papers tep200615, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
  6. Chevallier, Julien, 2011. "Evaluating the carbon-macroeconomy relationship: Evidence from threshold vector error-correction and Markov-switching VAR models," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/6970, Paris Dauphine University.
  7. Penelope Smith, 2006. "Bayesian Inference for a Threshold Autoregression with a Unit Root," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2006n20, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
  8. Sofiane Hicham Sekioua, 2003. "The Nominal Exchange Rate and Monetary Fundamentals: Evidence from Nonlinear Unit Root Tests," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 6(1), pages 1-13.
  9. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:6:y:2003:i:1:p:1-13 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. Jesus Crespo Cuaresma & Adelina Gschwandtner, 2006. "The competitive environment hypothesis revisited: non-linearity, nonstationarity and profit persistence," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(4), pages 465-472.
  11. David O. Cushman, 2008. "Real exchange rates may have nonlinear trends," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(2), pages 158-173.
  12. Suardi, Sandy, 2008. "Central bank intervention, threshold effects and asymmetric volatility: Evidence from the Japanese yen-US dollar foreign exchange market," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 628-642, July.
  13. Sekioua, Sofiane H., 2008. "Real interest parity (RIP) over the 20th century: New evidence based on confidence intervals for the largest root and the half-life," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 76-101, February.

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