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Governance Infrastructure and U.S. Foreign Direct Investment

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Author Info

  • Steven Globerman

    (Western Washington University)

  • Daniel Shapiro

    (Simon Fraser University)

Abstract

This paper examines the statistical importance of governance infrastructure as a determinant of U.S. foreign direct investment. In broad terms, governance infrastructure represents attributes of legislation, regulation, and legal systems that condition freedom of transacting, security of property rights and transparency of government and legal processes. Our econometric analysis employs a two-stage estimation procedure. In the first stage, the probability that a country is an FDI recipient is estimated. The results indicate that countries that fail to achieve a minimum threshold of effective governance are unlikely to receive any U.S. FDI. Countries that receive no U.S. FDI are typically countries that do not promote free and transparent markets, have ineffective governments, and are often countries whose legal systems are not rooted in English Common Law. In the second stage, the analysis is restricted to those countries that did receive FDI flows. The estimated equations focus on the determinants of the amount of FDI received. Given that a country is a recipient of U.S. FDI, governance infrastructure, including the nature of the legal system, is an important determinant of the amount received.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series International Finance with number 0404008.

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Date of creation: 07 Apr 2004
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Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpif:0404008

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Keywords: foreign direct investment; capital flows; multinational corporations; infrastructure; governance;

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