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Government Policies, Market Imperfections, and Foreign Direct Investment

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  • Thomas L Brewer

    (Georgetown University)

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    Abstract

    The internalization/eclectic theory of foreign direct investment includes the important insight that government policies create market imperfections, which make foreign direct investment an economically rational strategic alternative for firms. This paper reexamines the effects of government policies on market imperfections and foreign direct investment (FDI). It broadens and refines the analysis of the impact of government policies by developing the following arguments: (1) There is a wide range of government policies that affect firms′ FDI decisions via their effects on market imperfections. (2) There are numerous dimensions of variability in government policies that need to be identified in order to understand fully the effects of government policies on market imperfections and hence FDI flows. (3) Some of the effects of government policies on market imperfections and FDI are the opposite of those previously noted in the FDI literature. (4) The effects of government policies vary across the several individual components of FDI flows. The paper thus examines the following variables and relationships more extensively and precisely than has the previous literature: government policy variables as causal factors affecting FDI; market imperfection variables as intervening factors in the causal connections between government policies and FDI; and the multiple indicators of the various dimensions of FDI as dependent variables.© 1993 JIBS. Journal of International Business Studies (1993) 24, 101–120

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    Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan in its journal Journal of International Business Studies.

    Volume (Year): 24 (1993)
    Issue (Month): 1 (March)
    Pages: 101-120

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    Handle: RePEc:pal:jintbs:v:24:y:1993:i:1:p:101-120

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    Cited by:
    1. O'Donnell, Sharon & Blumentritt, Timothy, 1999. "The contribution of foreign subsidiaries to host country national competitiveness," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 5(3), pages 187-206.
    2. Parkhe, Arvind & Miller, Stewart R., 1998. "Foreign operations of U.S. banks: Impact of environmental differences and ownership advantages on organizational form preferences," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 59-83, July.
    3. Geert Bekaert & Campbell R. Harvey & Christian T. Lundblad & Stephan Siegel, 2014. "Political Risk Spreads," NBER Working Papers 19786, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Janno Reiljan & Ele Reiljan, 2000. "The Nature And Problems Of Economic Globalization," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper Series 3, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).
    5. Moon, Hwy-Chang & Roehl, Thomas W., 2001. "Unconventional foreign direct investment and the imbalance theory," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 197-215, April.
    6. Svensson, Bo, 2000. "The Scope And Potential Of Multi-Level Governance In Eu External Relations – Lessons From The Euro-Arctic," ERSA conference papers ersa00p54, European Regional Science Association.
    7. Luo, Yadong & Tan, J. Justin, 1998. "A comparison of multinational and domestic firms in an emerging market: A strategic choice perspective," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 21-40, July.
    8. Joseph A. Clougherty & Michal Grajek, 2006. "The Impact of ISO 9000 Diffusion on Trade and FDI: A New Institutional Analysis," CIG Working Papers SP II 2006-22, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Research Unit: Competition and Innovation (CIG).
    9. Ele Reiljan, 2001. "Determinants of foreign direct investment inflows in Estonia," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, in: Foreign Direct Investments in the Estonian Economy, volume 9, chapter 2, pages 31-90 Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).
    10. White, George O. & Hemphill, Thomas A. & Joplin, Janice R.W. & Marsh, Laurence A., 2014. "Wholly owned foreign subsidiary relation-based strategies in volatile environments," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 303-312.
    11. Chan Sok GEE & Mohd Zaini Abd KARIM, 2011. "Fdi´S Country Of Origin And Output Growth: The Case Of Malaysia?S Manufacturing Sector, 1991-2006," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 11(1).
    12. Qian, Gongming, 1996. "The effect of multinationality measures upon the risk-return performance of US firms," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 5(3), pages 247-265, June.
    13. Shapiro, Daniel & Globerman, Steven, 2003. "Foreign investment policies and capital flows in Canada: a sectoral analysis," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 56(10), pages 779-790, October.
    14. Luo, Yadong & Tan, J. Justin, 1997. "How much does industry structure impact foreign direct investment in China?," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 337-359, August.
    15. Rashmi Banga, 2003. "Impact of government policies and investment agreements on FDI inflows," Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi Working Papers 116, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi, India.
    16. Habib, M. & Zurawicki, L., 2001. "Country-level investments and the effect of corruption -- some empirical evidence," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 10(6), pages 687-700, December.
    17. Schroder, William R. & Mavondo, F., 1996. "The Government Agribusiness Interface: a Review of Conceptual Issues and Viewpoints for the Australian Food Manufacturing Sector," Review of Marketing and Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 64(02), August.
    18. Luo, Yadong, 2001. "Equity sharing in international joint ventures: an empirical analysis of strategic and environmental determinants," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 31-58.
    19. Dolansky, Eric & Alon, Ilan, 2008. "Religious freedom, religious diversity, and Japanese foreign direct investment," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 29-39, January.
    20. Pan, Yigang & Li, Xiaolian, 1998. "Alliance of foreign firms in equity joint ventures in China," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 7(4), pages 329-350, August.
    21. Qian, Gongming & Li, Ji, 1998. "Multinationality, global market diversification, and risk performance for the largest U.S. firms," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 149-170, October.

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