Incentivizing schooling for learning : evidence on the impact of alternative targeting approaches
AbstractThis paper evaluates a primary school scholarship program in Cambodia with two different targeting mechanisms, one based on poverty level and the other on baseline test scores ("merit"). Both targeting mechanisms increased enrollment and attendance. However, only the merit-based targeting induced positive effects on test scores. The paper shows that the asymmetry of response is unlikely to have been driven by differences between recipients'characteristics. Higher student and family effort among beneficiaries of the merit-based scholarships suggest that the framing of the scholarship mattered for impact. The results suggest that in order to balance equity and efficiency, a two-step targeting approach might be preferable: first, target low-income individuals, and then, among them, target based on merit.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6541.
Date of creation: 01 Jul 2013
Date of revision:
Tertiary Education; Secondary Education; Teaching and Learning; Primary Education; Education For All;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-07-28 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2013-07-28 (Education)
- NEP-SEA-2013-07-28 (South East Asia)
- NEP-URE-2013-07-28 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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