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Cash transfers and child schooling : evidence from a randomized evaluation of the role of conditionality

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  • Akresh, Richard
  • de Walque, Damien
  • Kazianga, Harounan

Abstract

The authors conduct a randomized experiment in rural Burkina Faso to estimate the impact of alternative cash transfer delivery mechanisms on education. The two-year pilot program randomly distributed cash transfers that were either conditional or unconditional. Families under the conditional schemes were required to have their children ages 7-15 enrolled in school and attending classes regularly. There were no such requirements under the unconditional programs. The results indicate that unconditional and conditional cash transfer programs have a similar impact increasing the enrollment of children who are traditionally favored by parents for school participation, including boys, older children, and higher ability children. However, the conditional transfers are significantly more effective than the unconditional transfers in improving the enrollment of"marginal children"who are initially less likely to go to school, such as girls, younger children, and lower ability children. Thus, conditionality plays a critical role in benefiting children who are less likely to receive investments from their parents.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6340.

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Date of creation: 01 Jan 2013
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6340

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Keywords: Youth and Governance; Primary Education; Street Children; Educational Sciences; Education For All;

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References

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  1. Filmer, Deon & Schady, Norbert, 2009. "School enrollment, selection and test scores," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4998, The World Bank.
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  20. Richard Akresh & Damien de Walque & Harounan Kazianga, 2014. "Alternative Cash Transfer Delivery Mechanisms: Impacts on Routine Preventative Health Clinic Visits in Burkina Faso," NBER Chapters, in: African Successes: Human Capital National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Adequacy of Reporting in Economics
    by ? in Development Impact on 2013-06-17 14:09:00
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Cited by:
  1. Morten Skovdal & Laura Robertson & Phyllis Mushati & Lovemore Dumba & Lorraine Sherr & Constance Nyamukapa & Simon Gregson, 2013. "Acceptability of conditions in a community-led cash transfer programme for orphaned and vulnerable children in Zimbabwe," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 52945, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  2. de Hoop, Jacobus & Rosati, Furio C., 2014. "Cash transfers and child labor," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6826, The World Bank.
  3. Márton Medgyesi & Temesváry, Z., 2013. "GINI DP 84: Conditional cash transfers in high- income OECD countries and their effects on human capital accumulation," GINI Discussion Papers 84, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.
  4. Mideros Mora, Andres & Gassmann, Franziska & Mohnen, Pierre, 2013. "Estimation of rates of return on social protection: Making the case for non-contributory social transfers in Cambodia," MERIT Working Papers 063, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  5. Alderman, Harold & Yemtsov, Ruslan, 2013. "How can safety nets contribute to economic growth ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6437, The World Bank.
  6. Najy Benhassine & Florencia Devoto & Esther Duflo & Pascaline Dupas & Victor Pouliquen, 2013. "Turning a Shove into a Nudge? A “Labeled Cash Transfer” for Education," NBER Working Papers 19227, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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