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How can safety nets contribute to economic growth ?

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  • Alderman, Harold
  • Yemtsov, Ruslan

Abstract

The paper provides an up-to date and selective review of the literature on how social safety nets contribute to growth. The evidence is carefully chosen to show how safety nets have the potential to overcome constraints on growth linked to market failures, and is organized into 4 distinct pathways: i) encouraging asset accumulation by changing incentives and by addressing imperfections in financial markets caused by constraints in obtaining credit, and from information asymmetries; overcoming such failures helps households to invest into their human capital or productive assets; ii) failures in insurance markets especially in low income setting; safety nets are assisting in managing risk both ex post and ex ante; iii) safety nets are overcoming failure to create assets and other local economy complementary factors to household-level investments; iv) safety nets are shown to relax political constraints on policy. Safety nets have a dual objective of directly alleviating poverty through transfers to the poor and of triggering higher growth for the poor. However, the trade-off between the dual objectives of equity and growth is not eliminated by the potential for productive safety nets; this remains critical for designing social policies.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6437.

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Date of creation: 01 May 2013
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6437

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Keywords: Safety Nets and Transfers; Labor Policies; Rural Poverty Reduction; Banks&Banking Reform; Debt Markets;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Anderson, Kym & Ivanic, Maros & Martin, Will, 2013. "Food Price Spikes, Price Insulation, and Poverty," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 9555, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Fiszbein, Ariel & Kanbur, Ravi & Yemtsov, Ruslan, 2013. "Social Protection, Poverty, and the Post-2015 Agenda," Working Papers, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management 180070, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
  3. World Bank, 2014. "Prosperity for All / Ending Extreme Poverty : A Note for the World Bank Group Spring Meetings 2014," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 17701, August.

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