Left behind to farm ? women's labor re-allocation in rural China
AbstractThe transformation of work during China’s rapid economic development is associated with a substantial but little noticed re-allocation of traditional farm labor among women, with some doing much less and some much more. This paper studies how the work, time allocation, and health of non-migrant women are affected by the out-migration of others in their household. The analysis finds that the women left behind are doing more farm work than would have otherwise been the case. There is also evidence that this is a persistent effect, and not just temporary re-allocation. For some types of women (notably older women), the labor re-allocation response comes out of their leisure.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 5107.
Date of creation: 01 Oct 2009
Date of revision:
Population Policies; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Gender and Development; Anthropology; Population&Development;
Other versions of this item:
- Mu, Ren & van de Walle, Dominique, 2011. "Left behind to farm? Women's labor re-allocation in rural China," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(S1), pages S83-S97.
- NEP-AGR-2009-11-07 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2009-11-07 (All new papers)
- NEP-CNA-2009-11-07 (China)
- NEP-DEV-2009-11-07 (Development)
- NEP-LAB-2009-11-07 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-MIG-2009-11-07 (Economics of Human Migration)
- NEP-TRA-2009-11-07 (Transition Economics)
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