Can China's rural elderly count on support from adult children ? implications of rural-to-urban migration
AbstractThis paper shows that support from the family continues to be an important source of support for the rural elderly, particularly the rural elderly over 70 years of age. Decline in likelihood of co-residence with, or in close proximity to, adult children raises the possibility that China's rural elderly will receive less support in the forms of both income and in-kind instrumental care. Although descriptive evidence on net financial transfers suggests that the elderly with migrant children will receive similar levels of financial transfers as those without migrant children, the predicted variance associated with these transfers implies a higher risk that elderly with migrant children may fall into poverty. Reducing the risk of low incomes among the elderly is one important motive for new rural pension initiatives supported by China's government, which are scheduled to be expanded to cover all rural counties by the end of the 12th Five Year Plan in 2016.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 5510.
Date of creation: 01 Dec 2010
Date of revision:
Rural Poverty Reduction; Population Policies; Services&Transfers to Poor; Regional Economic Development; Labor Policies;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGE-2011-01-16 (Economics of Ageing)
- NEP-ALL-2011-01-16 (All new papers)
- NEP-CNA-2011-01-16 (China)
- NEP-DEV-2011-01-16 (Development)
- NEP-MIG-2011-01-16 (Economics of Human Migration)
- NEP-TRA-2011-01-16 (Transition Economics)
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