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Employment and Wage Effects of Privatisation: Evidence from Hungary, Romania, Russia, and Ukraine

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Abstract

We use longitudinal methods and universal panel data on 30,000 initially state-owned manufacturing firms in four transition economies to estimate the impact of privatisation on employment and wages. The results consistently reject job losses and never imply large wage cuts from either domestic or foreign privatisation. The domestic privatisation estimates are close to zero for employment; for wages, they are negative but small in magnitude. Estimated foreign privatisation effects are nearly always positive and sometimes large for both outcome variables. We interpret the employment and wage results in terms of underlying scale, productivity and cost effects of privatisation. Copyright � The Author(s). Journal compilation � Royal Economic Society 2009.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research in its series Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles with number jse2010.

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Handle: RePEc:upj:weupjo:jse2010

Note: Appears in The Economic Journal 120(545): 683-708
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Keywords: transition economies; privatisation; employment effects; wages;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Márton Csillag & Miklós Koren, 2011. "Machines and machinists: Capital-skill complementarity from an international trade perspective," CeFiG Working Papers 13, Center for Firms in the Global Economy, revised 25 Mar 2011.
  2. Stepan Jurajda & Juraj Stancik, 2009. "Foreign Ownership and Corporate Performance: The Czech Republic at EU Entry," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp389, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economic Institute, Prague.
  3. Adelaide Figueiredo & Fernanda Figueiredo & Natália P. Monteiro & Odd Rune Straume, 2010. "Restructuring in privatised firms:a Statis approach," NIPE Working Papers 16/2010, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
  4. Gao, Hang & Marchand, Joseph & Song, Tao, 2011. "The Supply and Demand Factors Behind the Relative Earnings Increases in Urban China at the Turn of the 21st Century," Working Papers 2011-23, University of Alberta, Department of Economics, revised 01 Feb 2012.
  5. John Sutherland Earle & Almos Telegdy, 2011. "Who Creates Jobs in Hungary? The Role of Entering, Exiting and Continuing Firms Before and During the Crisis," Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market 1108, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  6. Paulo Bastos & Natália Pimenta Monteiro & Odd Rune Straume, 2012. "Privatization and corporate restructuring," NIPE Working Papers 10/2012, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
  7. John Sutherland Earle & Almos Telegdy, 2011. "Medium-Term Industrial Labor Demand Forecast for Hungary," Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market 1111, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

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