Gender Differences in Mental Well-Being - A Decomposition Analysis
AbstractThe General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) is frequently used as a measure of mental well-being. A consistent pattern across countries is that women report lower levels of mental well-being, as measured by the GHQ. This paper applies decomposition techniques to Irish data for 1994 and 2000 to examine the factors lying behind the gender differences in GHQ score. For 1994 most of the difference is accounted for by characteristics while in 2000 most of the difference arises from returns to characteristics. The issue of path dependence, or choice of reference group, is shown to be important, mostly arising from the differing effect of principal economic status on men and women.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by School Of Economics, University College Dublin in its series Working Papers with number 200803.
Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: 21 Jan 2008
Date of revision:
GHQ; decomposition; path dependence;
Other versions of this item:
- David Madden, 2010. "Gender Differences in Mental Well-Being: a Decomposition Analysis," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 99(1), pages 101-114, October.
- Madden, D, 2008. "Gender Differences in Mental Well- Being: A Decomposition Analysis," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 08/08, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
- I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Production
- I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty - - - General Welfare
- I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-08-21 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBE-2008-08-21 (Cognitive & Behavioural Economics)
- NEP-HAP-2008-08-21 (Economics of Happiness)
- NEP-HEA-2008-08-21 (Health Economics)
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