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Financial constraints on new firms: looking for regional disparities

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  • Jean Bonnet

    (CREM - CNRS)

  • Sylvie Cieply

    (CREM - CNRS)

  • Marcus Dejardin

    (University of Namur - CREW)

Abstract

Financial constraints affecting new firms are some of the factors most cited for impeding entrepreneurial dynamics from flourishing. This article introduces the problem of regional patterns of financial constraints. The research is conducted with regard to the French regions and the new French firms being tracked at the firm level. As regard to new firms, the research relies mainly on the use of the Information System on New Firms (SINE) that is released by the French National Institute of Statistical and Economic Studies (INSEE). The SINE dataset does not refer to the general entrepreneurial intention in the French population but to entrepreneurial projects that are concretized in new firms. As a consequence, entrepreneurial intentions that are aborted due to financial constraints are not reported. The point is of importance as the firm financing conditions are considered. First, an assessment of the global situation of the banking density and activity within and between the French regions leads to the conclusion of a relatively homogeneous banking supply and banking activity, with the activity of the core-region Île-de-France appearing however more contrasted. Second, the financial constraints affecting new firms are distinguished according to a four-case typology. Additionally to the "no credit rationing" situation, "weak" or "strong credit rationing" are distinguished from the "self-constraint" situation, a situation describing the case when firms do not ask for a bank loan although they declare facing financial constraints subsequently. It appears that a majority of new firms is not facing credit rationing, but also that a non-negligible share is "self-constrained". The classification is, third and finally, differentiated according to the regions. Despite the relative homogeneity of the banking supply, it appears that some regional differences may still be at work. The given explanations are still hypothetical

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS in its series Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) with number 200613.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:tut:cremwp:200613

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Postal: CREM (UMR CNRS 6211) – Faculty of Economics, 7 place Hoche, 35065 RENNES Cedex
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Postal: CREM (UMR CNRS 6211) - Faculty of Economics, 7 place Hoche, 35065 Rennes Cedex - France
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Keywords: Financial constraints; credit rationing; new firms; regional disparities.;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Thomas Gries & Wim Naudé, 2010. "Entrepreneurship and structural economic transformation," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 34(1), pages 13-29, January.
  2. Juan A. Máñez & María E. Rochina-Barrachina & Juan A. Sanchis-Llopis & Oscar Vicente, 2013. "Financial constraints and Spanish manufacturing firms’ R&D and exporting," Working Papers 1324, Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia.
  3. Gries, Thomas & Naude, Wim, 2008. "Entrepreneurship and Regional Economic Growth: Towards A General Theory of Start-Ups," Working Paper Series RP2008/70, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  4. Gries, Thomas & Naude, Wim, 2010. "Entrepreneurship, Structural Change and a Global Economic Crisis," Working Paper Series wp2010-57, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  5. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00467900 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Martin Koning & Marie-Estelle Binet & François Facchini, 2010. "Les déterminants de la dynamique entrepreneuriale dans les régions françaises (1994-2003)," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00467900, HAL.
  7. Jean Bonnet & Sylvie Cieply & Marcus Dejardin, 2011. "Does the regional dimension matter as regards finance and entrepreneurship?," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201127, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.

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