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Les déterminants de la dynamique entrepreneuriale dans les régions françaises (1994-2003)

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Author Info

  • Martin Koning

    ()
    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

  • Marie-Estelle Binet

    ()
    (CREM - Centre de Recherche en Economie et Management - CNRS : UMR6211 - Université de Rennes 1 - Université de Caen Basse-Normandie)

  • François Facchini

    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

Abstract

Cet article cherche à évaluer les déterminants de la dynamique entrepreneuriale dans les régions françaises pour la période 1993-2004. On estime dans ce but un modèle dynamique de panel par la méthode de Blundell et Bond (1998) pour expliquer le taux de création d'entreprise (rapporté à la population régionale). L'hypothèse d'Holcombe (1998) selon laquelle la création d'entreprise s'explique par elle-même est en premier lieu confirmée. Il apparaît également que le niveau de chômage et le revenu disponible ont un effet positif sur la création régionale d'entreprise. La taille des entreprises jouerait, à l'inverse, négativement comme une barrière à l'entrée. Enfin, l'importance statistique des effets spécifiques individuels amène à penser que les facteurs institutionnels et culturels doivent être mieux pris en considération au niveau régional.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number halshs-00467900.

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Date of creation: 06 Jan 2010
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Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00467900

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Keywords: dynamique entrepreneuriale; modèle dynamique de panel; régions françaises;

References

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  1. Israel M. Kirzner, 1997. "Entrepreneurial Discovery and the Competitive Market Process: An Austrian Approach," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(1), pages 60-85, March.
  2. Dean, Thomas J. & Meyer, G. Dale, 1996. "Industry environments and new venture formations in U.S. manufacturing: A conceptual and empirical analysis of demand determinants," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 11(2), pages 107-132, March.
  3. Marco Caliendo & Alexander S. Kritikos, 2007. "Is Entrepreneurial Success Predictable?: An Ex-ante Analysis of the Character-Based Approach," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 684, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  4. Jean Bonnet & Marcus Dejardin & Sylvie Cieply, 2005. "Financial Constraints on New Firms: Looking for Regional Disparities," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2005-37, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
  5. Steve Bond, 2002. "Dynamic panel data models: a guide to microdata methods and practice," CeMMAP working papers CWP09/02, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  6. Anisya S Thomas & Stephen L Mueller, 2000. "A Case for Comparative Entrepreneurship: Assessing the Relevance of Culture," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 31(2), pages 287-301, June.
  7. Blundell, Richard & Bond, Stephen, 1998. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 115-143, August.
  8. Bisson, Franck & Bonnet, Jean, 2012. "La caractérisation du développement infrarégional en Basse-Normandie," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Editions NecPlus, vol. 2009(01), pages 133-154, May.
  9. Edward L. Glaeser & William R. Kerr & Giacomo A. M. Ponzetto, 2010. "Clusters of Entrepreneurship," NBER Chapters, in: Cities and Entrepreneurship National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. André van Stel, 2004. "COMPENDIA: Harmonizing business ownership data across countries and over time," Scales Research Reports N200413, EIM Business and Policy Research.
  11. Kihlstrom, Richard E & Laffont, Jean-Jacques, 1979. "A General Equilibrium Entrepreneurial Theory of Firm Formation Based on Risk Aversion," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(4), pages 719-48, August.
  12. Pia Arenius & Maria Minniti, 2005. "Perceptual Variables and Nascent Entrepreneurship," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 24(3), pages 233-247, 02.
  13. Minniti, Maria, 2005. "Entrepreneurship and network externalities," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 57(1), pages 1-27, May.
  14. Audretsch, David B. & Keilbach, Max C. & Lehmann, Erik E., 2006. "Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195183511, September.
  15. Yves Croissant & Giovanni Millo, . "Panel Data Econometrics in R: The plm Package," Journal of Statistical Software, American Statistical Association, vol. 27(i02).
  16. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
  17. Nicolas Canry, 2007. "Part salariale dans le PIB en France. Les effets de la salarisation croissante," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 100(1), pages 235-264.
  18. Andr� van Stel & Roy Thurik & Ingrid Verheul & Lendert Baljeu, 2007. "The Relationship between Entrepreneurship and Unemployment in Japan," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 07-080/3, Tinbergen Institute, revised 14 Jul 2008.
  19. Begley, Thomas M. & Boyd, David P., 1987. "Psychological characteristics associated with performence in entrepreneurial firms and smaller businesses," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 79-93.
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Cited by:
  1. Marie-Estelle Binet & François Facchini, 2013. "Determinants of Entrepreneurship in French Regions: The Role of Spatial Heterogeneity," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201312, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.

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