Quality of higher education and the labor market in developing countries: Evidence from an education reform in Senegal
AbstractWhile many studies look into the effect of primary school quality on labor market outcomes in developing countries, little is known about the effects at higher education levels. In this paper, we use the experiment provided by a large-scale education reform launched in Senegal in 2000 to examine the effects of quality improvements at the university level on the labor market outcomes of young high-skilled workers. Our estimates from a difference-in-difference model suggest that young university-educated workers have an employment rate about 12 percentage points higher after the reform as compared to older workers. In addition, we find that they are more likely to find employment in the service industry and in public or private enterprises. These estimates, which are robust to a host of robustness checks, support the idea that improvements in the quality of education reduce the mismatch between the quality of labor demanded and supplied in the high-skilled market.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 11-17.
Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2011
Date of revision: May 2012
Higher education; employment; impact analysis; quality mismatch;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
- O15 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
- O55 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
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