The Effect of Land Restitution on Poverty Reduction Among the Khomani San "Bushmen" in South Africa
AbstractThis paper looks at the impact of land restitution involving the Khomani San â€œbushmenâ€ in the Kgalagadi area of South Africa. It seeks to test whether there is a positive correlation between land restitution and poverty reduction among the beneficiaries. We run instrumental variable probit models on poverty and access to nature. Our results suggest that using restituted land by the claimantsâ€™ has no positive effect on poverty alleviation. However, a positive link with greater access to nature is established. Therefore, land restitution should become part of a broader, carefully crafted rural developmental strategy for it to be effective. Otherwise land restitution risks enabling indigenous communities to continue with their â€œtraditionalâ€ way of life and, in fact, keep them poor.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Economic Research Southern Africa in its series Working Papers with number 352.
Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
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Access to nature; Instrumental variable; Khomani San; Land restitution; poverty;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2013-07-20 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2013-07-20 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2013-07-20 (Development)
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- Johane Dikgang and Edwin Muchapondwa, 2013.
"Conservation Fees in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park between Botswana and South Africa in the Presence of Land Restitution,"
368, Economic Research Southern Africa.
- Dikgang, Johane & Muchapondwa, Edwin, 2013. "Conservation Fees in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park between Botswana and South Africa in the Presence of Land Restitution," Discussion Papers dp-13-09-efd, Resources For the Future.
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