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Mixed fortunes: A study of poverty mobility among small farm households in Chile, 1968-86

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  • Christopher Scott
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    Abstract

    This study is based on a panel sample of small farm households drawn from eight rural communities in Chile interviewed in 1968 and 1986. The incidence and intensity of poverty based on primary income increased over this period. However, after including earnings from the minimum employment programmes and public transfers, both the headcount ratio and squared poverty gap fell markedly between the two surveys. Mobility analysis showed more households moving out of than into poverty. Of those households who became impoverished, around half may have suffered a transitory decline in income in 1986. The other half experienced pauperisation as a result of investing in projects with negative rates of return, investing in the accumulation of human capital by their children, sustaining a large rise in the household's dependency ratio or suffering political discrimination in the labour market. Per capita income was positively related to schooling of the household head (in 1968), land ownership (in 1986) and living in the Central Valley (in both years). Income per head was negatively related to household size (in both years) and to the presence of individuals in the household with physical or mental disabilities (in 1986).

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    File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00220380008422658
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Journal of Development Studies.

    Volume (Year): 36 (2000)
    Issue (Month): 6 ()
    Pages: 155-180

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevst:v:36:y:2000:i:6:p:155-180

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    Cited by:
    1. Herrera, Javier & Roubaud, François, 2005. "Urban Poverty Dynamics in Peru and Madagascar, 1997-99: A Panel Data Analysis," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4977, Paris Dauphine University.
    2. Guillermo Cruces & Quentin Wodon, 2003. "Risk-adjusted poverty in Argentina: measurement and determinants," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 6550, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Hugo Ñopo & Giorgina Pizzolitto & José Cuesta, 2007. "Using Pseudo-Panels to Measure Income Mobility in Latin America," Research Department Publications 4557, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    4. Krishna, Anirudh, 2006. "Pathways out of and into poverty in 36 villages of Andhra Pradesh, India," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 271-288, February.
    5. Hugo Ñopo & Giorgina Pizzolitto & José Cuesta, 2007. "Usando pseudopaneles para medir la movilidad del ingreso en América," Research Department Publications 4558, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    6. Naschold, Felix, 2009. "“Poor stays poor” - Household asset poverty traps in rural semi-arid India," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49396, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

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