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Usando pseudopaneles para medir la movilidad del ingreso en América

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  • Hugo Ñopo

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  • Giorgina Pizzolitto
  • José Cuesta

Abstract

En este trabajo se presenta una panorámica comparada de los patrones de movilidad en 14 países latinoamericanos entre 1992 y 2003. Se presenta un conjunto de estimadores de la idea tradicional de movilidad del ingreso, así como en cuanto a la movilidad alrededor de los límites entre la pobreza extrema y la pobreza moderada. Los cálculos hacen pensar que en la región hay niveles muy elevados de inmovilidad incondicional que dependen del tiempo. Sin embargo, la introducción de factores socioeconómicos y personales hace reducir el estimado de la inmovilidad del ingreso aproximadamente en 30%. También hay grandes diferencias en la movilidad del ingreso de un país a otro. Se determina que la edad, el sexo y, en menor grado, el nivel de formación del cabeza de familia y las características de la vivienda tienen un papel significativo en las variaciones de la incidencia de la pobreza.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4558.

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Date of creation: Nov 2007
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4558

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