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Movilidad Social Y Preferencias Por Redistribución En América Latina


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  • Alejandro Gaviria



Este trabajo está dividido en dos partes. La primera hace un repaso de la evidencia sobre movilidad intergeneracional en América Latina. La segunda examina la relación entre las perspectivas de movilidad y las preferencias políticas. Los resultados de la primera parte muestran que los niveles de movilidad educativa son sustancialmente menores en América Latina que en los Estados Unidos, y que los residentes de América Latina son pesimistas con respecto a las experiencias propias de movilidad y a la equidad del sistema socioeconómico. Los resultados de la segunda parte muestran que las preferencias por redistribución son mayores en los pobres, en quienes no creen haber mejorado la posición socioeconómica de sus padres y en quienes consideran que el orden socioeconómico imperante es injusto. Un resultado similar se obtiene respecto a la aprobación de la economía de mercado y al apoyo a las privatizaciones.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 003261.

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Length: 34
Date of creation: 07 Jan 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000089:003261

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Related research

Keywords: redistribución; movilidad; igualdad de oportunidades; preferencias políticas;

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Cited by:
  1. Jose Cuesta & Hugo Ñopo & Georgina Pizzolitto, 2011. "Using Pseudo‐Panels To Measure Income Mobility In Latin America," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 57(2), pages 224-246, 06.
  2. Hugo Ñopo & Giorgina Pizzolitto & José Cuesta, 2007. "Usando pseudopaneles para medir la movilidad del ingreso en América," Research Department Publications 4558, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  3. Lourdes Gallardo & Hugo Nopo, 2009. "Ethnic and Gender Wage Gaps in Ecuador," Research Department Publications 4625, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.


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