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Growth Impact and Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment into South Africa, 1956-2003

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  • Johannes Fedderke
  • A.T. Romm

Abstract

The paper is concerned with the growth impact and the determinants of foreign direct investment in South Africa. Estimation is in terms of a standard spill-over model of investment, and in terms of a new model of locational choice in FDI between domestic and foreign alternatives. We find complementarity of foreign and domestic capital in the long run, implying a positive technological spill-over from foreign to domestic capital. While there is a crowd-out of domestic investment from foreign direct investment, this impact is restricted to the short run. Further we find that foreign direct investment in South Africa has tended to be capital intensive, suggesting that foreign direct investment has been horizontal rather than vertical. Determinants of foreign direct investment in South Africa lie in the net rate of return, as well as the risk profile of the foreign direct investment liabilities. Policy handles are both direct and powerful. Reducing political risk, ensuring property rights, most importantly bolstering growth in the market size, as well as wage moderation, lowering corporate tax rates, and ensuring full integration of the South African economy into the world economy all follow as policy prescriptions from our empirical findings.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Economic Research Southern Africa in its series Working Papers with number 12.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:rza:wpaper:12

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Gwenhamo, Farayi & Fedderke, Johannes W., 2013. "The composition of foreign capital stocks in South Africa: The role of institutions, domestic risk and neighbourhood effects," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 763-770.
  2. Tania Ajam & Janine Aron, 2007. "Fiscal Renaissance in a Democratic South Africa," CSAE Working Paper Series 2007-10, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
  3. Fedderke, Johannes W. & Bogetic & Zeljko, 2006. "Infrastructure and growth in South Africa : direct and indirect productivity impacts of 19 infrastructure measures," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3989, The World Bank.
  4. Faisal Ahmed & Rabah Arezki & Norbert Funke, 2007. "The composition of capital flows to South Africa," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(2), pages 275-294.
  5. Herzer, Dierk & Klasen, Stephan & Nowak-Lehmann D., Felicitas, 2008. "In search of FDI-led growth in developing countries: The way forward," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 793-810, September.
  6. Balatoni, András & Pitz, Mónika, 2012. "A működőtőke hatása a bruttó nemzeti jövedelemre Magyarországon
    [The effect of direct investment on Hungary s gross national income]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(1), pages 1-30.
  7. John C. Anyanwu, 2012. "Why Does Foreign Direct Investment Go Where It Goes?: New Evidence From African Countries," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 13(2), pages 425-462, November.
  8. Beugelsdijk, Sjoerd & Smeets, Roger & Zwinkels, Remco, 2008. "The impact of horizontal and vertical FDI on host's country economic growth," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 452-472, August.
  9. Mina, Wasseem, 2007. "The location determinants of FDI in the GCC countries," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 336-348, October.

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