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Market Power and Output-Based Refunding of Environmental Policy Revenues

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  • Fischer, Carolyn

    ()
    (Resources for the Future)

Abstract

Output-based refunding of environmental policy revenues combines a tax on emissions with a subsidy to output. With imperfect competition, subsidies can discourage output underprovision. However, when market shares are significant, endogenous refunding suffers compared to a fixed subsidy. Refunding the emissions tax according to market share reduces the incentive to abate, and marginal abatement costs will not be equalized if market shares differ. In a Cournot duopoly, endogenous refunding leads to higher output, emissions, and possibly costs compared to a fixed rebate program. These results hold whether emission rates are determined simultaneously or strategically in a two-stage model.

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Paper provided by Resources For the Future in its series Discussion Papers with number dp-03-27.

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Date of creation: 01 May 2003
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Handle: RePEc:rff:dpaper:dp-03-27

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Keywords: emissions tax; earmarking; tradable performance standards; imperfect competition; Cournot; duopoly; refunding; subsidy;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Johnson, Kenneth C., 2006. "Feebates: An effective regulatory instrument for cost-constrained environmental policy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(18), pages 3965-3976, December.
  2. Guy Meunier & Jean-Pierre Ponssard, 2012. "A Sectoral Approach Balancing Global Efficiency and Equity," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 53(4), pages 533-552, December.
  3. Carolyn Fischer & Alan K. Fox, 2011. "The Role of Trade and Competitiveness Measures in US Climate Policy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(3), pages 258-62, May.
  4. Yuanguang Yu, 2012. "An Optimal Ad Valorem Tax/Subsidy with an Output-Based Refunded Emission Payment for Permits Auction in an Oligopoly Market," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 52(2), pages 235-248, June.
  5. Schmidt, Robert & Pollrich, Martin & Stiel, Caroline, 2013. "An optimal incentive contract to avert firm relocation under unilateral environmental regulation," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79741, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  6. Cathrine Hagem & Bjart Holtsmark & Thomas Sterner, 2012. "Mechanism design for refunding emissions payment," Discussion Papers 705, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  7. Fischer, Carolyn, 2008. "Comparing flexibility mechanisms for fuel economy standards," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(8), pages 3106-3114, August.
  8. Fredriksson, Per G. & Sterner, Thomas, 2004. "The Political Economy of Refunded Emissions Payment Programs," Working Papers in Economics 147, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  9. Bonilla, Jorge & Coria, Jessica & Mohlin, Kristina & Sterner, Thomas, 2014. "Diffusion of NOx abatement technologies in Sweden," Working Papers in Economics 585, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  10. Susumu Cato, 2010. "Emission Taxes and Optimal Refunding Schemes with Endogenous Market Structure," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 46(3), pages 275-280, July.
  11. Coria, Jessica & Mohlin, Kristina, 2013. "On Refunding of Emission Taxes and Technology Diffusion," Working Papers in Economics 573, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.

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