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Efectos del Salario Mínimo en el Mercado Laboral Peruano

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  • Nikita R. Céspedes Reynaga

    ()
    (Central Bank of Peru)

Abstract

El estudio muestra evidencias del impacto del Salario Mínimo (RMV) en el mercado laboral peruano. Se utiliza un modelo dinámico de datos panel por sectores económicos de la ecuación de empleo y se estima que existe una relación negativa entre el empleo formal y la RMV. La elasticidad empleo-RMV es aproximadamente -0,13. Esta evidencia se complementa al estimar que la probabilidad de mantenerse ocupado, en un contexto en el cual se produjo un incremento legal de la RMV, es menor entre aquellos individuos que perciben ingresos cercanos a la RMV (y entre jóvenes). Se reporta evidencia que sustenta la hipótesis de que la RMV es un referente en la determinación de remuneraciones en el sector formal. Asimismo, se encuentra evidencias sobre los efectos distributivos de un incremento de la RMV a favor de los trabajadores de bajos ingresos.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco Central de Reserva del Perú in its series Working Papers with number 2005-003.

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Date of creation: Feb 2005
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Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2005-003

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Keywords: Salario Mínimo; Regulación Laboral; Demanda de Trabajo.;

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References

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  1. Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví & Máximo Torero, 2000. "Labor Market Reforms and Their Impact on Formal Labor Demand and Job Market Turnover: The Case of Peru," Research Department Publications 3095, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  2. Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví, 1998. "¿Crisis real o crisis de expectativas? El empleo en el Perú antes y después de las reformas estructurales," Research Department Publications 4149, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  3. Jaime Saavedra Chanduví & Eduardo Maruyama Sasaki, 2000. "Estabilidad laboral e indemnización: efectos de los costos de despido sobre el funcionamiento del mercado laboral peruano," Documentos de Investigación dt28, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
  4. Alida Castillo Freeman & Richard B. Freeman, 1991. "Minimum Wages in Puerto Rico: Textbook Case of a Wage Floor?," NBER Working Papers 3759, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. David Neumark & Mark Schweitzer & William Wascher, 1999. "The effects of minimum wages throughout the wage distribution," Working Paper 9919, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  6. William F. Maloney & Jairo Nunez Mendez, 2003. "Measuring the Impact of Minimum Wages: Evidence from Latin America," NBER Working Papers 9800, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Gindling, T.H. & Terrell, Katherine, 2005. "The effect of minimum wages on actual wages in formal and informal sectors in Costa Rica," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(11), pages 1905-1921, November.
  8. Céspedes Reynaga, Nikita, 2003. "Factores cíclicos y estructurales en la evolución de la tasa de desempleo," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 9, pages 199-221.
  9. Adolfo Figueroa , 1998. "Políticas macroeconómicas y pobreza en el Perú ," Documentos de Trabajo 1998-145, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  10. Cecilia Garavito, 1993. "Mercado laboral e intervención del Estado: 1986-1992 ," Documentos de Trabajo 1993-108, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  11. Lustig, N. & Mcleod, D., 1996. "Minimum Wages and Poverty in Developing Countries : Some Empirical Evidence," Papers 125, Brookings Institution - Working Papers.
  12. Patricia Jones, 1997. "The impact of minimum wage legislation in developing countries where coverage is incomplete," Economics Series Working Papers WPS/1998-02, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Céspedes, Nikita & Sánchez, Alan, 2013. "Minimum Wage and Job Mobility," Working Papers 2013-012, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  2. Jesús Palomino Samaniego, 2011. "Efectos Del Incremento De La Remuneracion Mínima Vital Sobre El Empleo Y Los Ingresos Laborales," Documentos de Trabajo 2011-313, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  3. Chacaltana, Juan, 2009. "Economic implications of labour and labour-related laws on MSEs : a quick review of the Latin American experience," ILO Working Papers 433276, International Labour Organization.
  4. Jaramillo, Miguel, 2012. "Ajustes del mercado laboral ante cambios en el salario mínimo: La experiencia de la década de 2000," Documentos de Investigación dt63, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).

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