‘Fair’ policies for the coffee trade – protecting people or biodiversity?
AbstractWe investigate the role that economic instruments can play in promoting economic sustainability and the preservation of biodiversity in agroforestry management in coffee production. Most of the world's coffee producers live in poverty and manage agro-ecosystems in regions that are culturally and biologically among the most diverse on the globe. Despite the relatively recent finding that bees may augment pollination and boost coffee crop yields, the short-term revenues from intense monoculture drive land-use decisions that destroy the forest strips serving as habitats for pollinating insects. Our study investigates whether farmers specialize in environmentally detrimental (sun-grown) or sustainable (shade-grown) farming, or both practices coexist. We calibrate an empirical model to characterize the equilibria and investigate the ecological and economic impacts of three alternative policy instruments: conservation fees, price premiums, and minimum wages.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal Environment and Development Economics.
Volume (Year): 14 (2009)
Issue (Month): 06 (December)
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Other versions of this item:
- Kitti, Mitri & Heikkila, Jaakko & Huhtala, Anni, 2006. "Fair policies for the coffee trade - protecting people or biodiversity?," Discussion Papers 11858, MTT Agrifood Research Finland.
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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Working Papers, University of Victoria, Department of Economics, Resource Economics and Policy Analysis Research Group
2004-05, University of Victoria, Department of Economics, Resource Economics and Policy Analysis Research Group.
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- Pablo BenÃtez & Timo Kuosmanen & Roland Olschewski & G. Cornelis van Kooten, 2005. "Conservation Payments under Risk: A Stochastic Dominance Approach," Working Papers, University of Victoria, Department of Economics, Resource Economics and Policy Analysis Research Group 2005-14, University of Victoria, Department of Economics, Resource Economics and Policy Analysis Research Group.
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Open Access publications from Tilburg University
urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-112507, Tilburg University.
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