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The impact of trade with China and India on Argentina’s manufacturing employment

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  • Castro, Lucio
  • Olarreaga, Marcelo
  • Saslavsky, Daniel

Abstract

For many in Latin America, the increasing participation of China and India in international markets is seen as a looming shadow of two ‘mighty giants’ on the region’s manufacturing sector. Are they really mighty giants when it comes to their impact on manufacturing employment? This paper attempts to answer this question estimating the effects of trade with China and India on Argentina’s industrial employment. We use a dynamic econometric model and industry level data to estimate the effects of trade with China and India on the level of employment in Argentina’s manufacturing sector. Results suggest that trade with China and India only had a small negative effect on industrial employment, even in a period of swift trade liberalization like the nineties.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 538.

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Date of creation: 20 Oct 2006
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:538

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Keywords: China; Latin America; Trade; Import Competition; Trade and Labor Market Interactions; Employment;

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References

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  1. Galiani, Sebastian & Sanguinetti, Pablo, 2003. "The impact of trade liberalization on wage inequality: evidence from Argentina," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 497-513, December.
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  3. Kiviet, Jan F., 1995. "On bias, inconsistency, and efficiency of various estimators in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 53-78, July.
  4. Leonardo Gasparini & Pablo Acosta, 2004. "Capital Accumulation, Trade Liberalization and Rising Wage Inequality: The Case of Argentina," CEDLAS, Working Papers, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata 0005, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  5. Greenaway, David & Hine, Robert C. & Wright, Peter, 1999. "An empirical assessment of the impact of trade on employment in the United Kingdom," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 485-500, September.
  6. Lori G. Kletzer, 2001. "Job Loss from Imports: Measuring the Costs," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 110, July.
  7. Richard Blundell & Steve Bond, 1995. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," IFS Working Papers, Institute for Fiscal Studies W95/17, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  8. Andrew Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen & Peter Schott, 2003. "Survival of the best fit: exposure to low-wage countries and the (uneven) growth of US manufacturing plants," IFS Working Papers, Institute for Fiscal Studies W03/12, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  9. Revenga, Ana, 1997. "Employment and Wage Effects of Trade Liberalization: The Case of Mexican Manufacturing," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(3), pages S20-43, July.
  10. David Roodman, 2003. "XTABOND2: Stata module to extend xtabond dynamic panel data estimator," Statistical Software Components S435901, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 28 Jul 2014.
  11. James Heckman & Carmen Pages, 2003. "Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean," NBER Working Papers 10129, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Daniel S. Hamermesh, 2004. "Labor Demand in Latin America and the Caribbean. What Does It Tell Us?," NBER Chapters, in: Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean, pages 553-562 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Pinelopi K. Goldberg & Nina Pavcnik, 2004. "Trade, Inequality, and Poverty: What Do We Know? Evidence from Recent Trade Liberalization Episodes in Developing Countries," NBER Working Papers 10593, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Gabriel Sanchez & Ines Butler, 2004. "Market Institutions, Labor Market Dynamics, Growth and Productivity: Argentina," Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings, Econometric Society 38, Econometric Society.
  15. Gabriel Sanchez & Ines Butler, 2004. "Market institutions, labor market dynamics, and productivity in Argentina during the 1990s," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(4), pages 249-278.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Castro, Lucio & Saslavsky, Daniel, 2008. "Trade with China and India and Manufacturing Labour Demand in Argentina," Working Paper Series, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  2. Yezid HERNÁNDEZ LUNA, 2011. "The impact of trade on employment in Colombian," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 009227, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  3. Roberto Álvarez & Sebastián Claro, 2007. "On the Sources of China’s Export Growth," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile, Central Bank of Chile 426, Central Bank of Chile.
  4. Álvarez, Roberto & Claro, Sebastián, 2009. "David Versus Goliath: The Impact of Chinese Competition on Developing Countries," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 560-571, March.
  5. Zeng, Xiangquan & Yuxue, Cui & Shisong, Qing & Yumei, Yang, 2011. "Real Exchange Rate, Foreign Trade and Employment: Evidence from China," IZA Discussion Papers 5931, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Daniel Lederman & Marcelo Olarreaga & Guillermo E. Perry, 2009. "China's and India's Challenge to Latin America : Opportunity or Threat?," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2591, August.
  7. ITO Koji, 2013. "Impact of Growing Imports: A comparison of international and domestic firms in the Japanese manufacturing industry (Japanese)," Discussion Papers (Japanese), Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI) 13034, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  8. Daniel Lederman & Marcelo Olarreaga & Guillermo Perry, 2007. "Latin America´s response to China and India: overview of research findings and policy implications - Observatorio de Política," Revista de Economía y Estadística, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Instituto de Economía y Finanzas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Instituto de Economía y Finanzas, vol. 0(1), pages 149-193, January.

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