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Measuring the effect of globalization on labour demand elasticity: An empirical application to OECD countries

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Author Info

  • Giovanni S.F. Bruno

    (Università Bocconi,Istituto di Economia Politica)

  • Anna M. Falzoni

    (Università degli Studi di Bergamo)

  • Rodolfo Helg

    (LIUC - Università Carlo Cattaneo)

Abstract

There are various paths through which globalization is channelled to the labour market. One of these is the effect on labour demand elasticity. Trade might induce an increase in this elasticity via a scale effect due to the increased competition on the output market and/or via a substitution effect generated by expanding the firm production possibility set to include additional inputs. The focus of this paper is centred on the latter channel of transmission. A labour demand equation is obtained from the solution of a firm’s cost minimization problem. The impact of globalization on domestic employment is not restricted to a wage elasticity effect, but also allows for a direct effect with globalization acting as a domestic labour demand shifter. A theoretically consistent labour demand is estimated using a industry-year panel from a number of industrialised countries, including major European countries, Japan and the US over the period 1970-96. Overall we find sig-nificant substitution effect of trade on labour demand elasticity only for the U.K. For Italy and France the evidence is mixed. In all remaining countries globalization has not significantly a .ected labour demand elasticity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy in its series KITeS Working Papers with number 153.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2004
Date of revision: Feb 2004
Handle: RePEc:cri:cespri:wp153

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Related research

Keywords: Trade; Labor demand.;

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References

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  1. Fajnzylber, Pablo & Maloney, William F., 2000. "Labor demand andtrade reform in Latin America," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2491, The World Bank.
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  6. Riccardo Faini & Anna M. Falzoni & Marzio Galeotti & Rodolfo Helg & Alessandro Turrini, 1999. "Importing Jobs and Exporting Firms? On the Wage and Employment Implications of Italian Trade and Foreign Direct Investment Flows," Giornale degli Economisti, GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University, vol. 58(1), pages 95-135, April.
  7. James E. Rauch & Vitor Trindade, 2003. "Information, International Substitutability, and Globalization," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(3), pages 775-791, June.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Paolo Epifani, 2002. "Trade Liberalization, Firm Performance and Labour Market Outcomes in the Developing World: What Can We Learn from Micro-LevelData?," Development Working Papers 172, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  2. Hijzen, Alexander & Swaim, Paul, 2010. "Offshoring, labour market institutions and the elasticity of labour demand," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 54(8), pages 1016-1034, November.
  3. Giovanna Vallanti, 2005. "Capital Mobility and Unemployment Dynamics: Evidence from a Panel of OECD Countries," CEP Discussion Papers dp0684, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  4. Epifani Paolo, 2003. "Trade liberalization, Firm Performances and Labor Market Outcomes in the Developing World, what Can We Learn From Micro-Level Data?," Rivista italiana degli economisti, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 3, pages 455-486.
  5. Giorgio Barba Navaretti & Daniele Checchi & Alessandro Turrini, 2003. "Adjusting Labor Demand: Multinational Versus National Firms: A Cross-European Analysis," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 1(2-3), pages 708-719, 04/05.
  6. Bushra Yasmin & Aliya H. Khan, 2011. "Trade Openness: New Evidence for Labor-Demand Elasticity in Pakistan's Manufacturing Sector," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 16(2), pages 55-85, Jul-Dec.
  7. Neil Foster-McGregor & Johannes Pöschl & Robert Stehrer, 2012. "Offshoring and the Elasticity of Labour Demand," wiiw Working Papers 90, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.

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