Primary Seat-Belt Laws and Driver Behavior: Evidence from Accident Data
AbstractThis paper investigates the offsetting effect theory, using individual-level accident data to analyze how drivers respond to seat-belt laws. I find that drivers drive their vehicles more carefully when more stringent seat-belt laws are in effect. I also find that careful driving is not associated with pedestrian involvement in accidents. Using synthetic panel data, I find that the change in the laws results in an increased number of careful drivers and a decreased number of careless drivers in accidents. The results show that the offsetting effects are weaker than expected or may not exist in accidents.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 49823.
Date of creation: 14 Sep 2013
Date of revision: 15 Sep 2013
Offsetting Behavior; Safety Regulation; Seat Belt Laws; Vehicle Accidents;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D01 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Microeconomic Behavior: Underlying Principles
- L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation
- L91 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Transportation: General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-09-28 (All new papers)
- NEP-HEA-2013-09-28 (Health Economics)
- NEP-LAW-2013-09-28 (Law & Economics)
- NEP-TRE-2013-09-28 (Transport Economics)
- NEP-URE-2013-09-28 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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