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The role of anti-smoking legislation on cigarette and alcohol consumption habits in Italy

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  • Pieroni, Luca
  • Chiavarini, Manuela
  • Minelli, Liliana
  • Salmasi, Luca

Abstract

The short-term effects of public smoking bans on individual smoking and drinking habits were investigated in this paper. In 2005, a smoking ban was introduced in Italy, and we exploited this exogenous variation to measure the effect on both smoking participation and intensity and the indirect effect on alcohol consumption. Using data from the Everyday Life Aspects survey, for the period 2001-2007, we show that the introduction of smoke-free legislation in Italy significantly affected smoking behavior. We also document significant indirect effects on alcohol consumption for the main alcoholic beverage categories. A robustness analysis is also performed, to test the extent to which unobservable variables may bias our estimated parameters. Our results are then used to perform a cost-effectiveness analysis of the anti-smoking legislation in Italy.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 42480.

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Date of creation: 06 Nov 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:42480

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Keywords: Anti-smoking legislation; regression discontinuity; Difference-in-Differences; cost-effectiveness analysis;

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  1. Weinstein, Milton C & Shepard, Donald S & Pliskin, Joseph S, 1980. "The Economic Value of Changing Mortality Probabilities: A Decision-Theoretic Approach," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 94(2), pages 373-96, March.
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  3. Jones, A; & Laporte, A; & Rice, N; & Zucchelli, E;, 2011. "A model of the impact of smoking bans on smoking with evidence from bans in England and Scotland," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York 11/05, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
  4. Crost, Benjamin & Guerrero, Santiago, 2012. "The effect of alcohol availability on marijuana use: Evidence from the minimum legal drinking age," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 112-121.
  5. Lance Lochner & Enrico Moretti, 2004. "The Effect of Education on Crime: Evidence from Prison Inmates, Arrests, and Self-Reports," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 155-189, March.
  6. Dee, Thomas S., 1999. "The complementarity of teen smoking and drinking," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 769-793, December.
  7. Nord, Erik, 1993. "The trade-off between severity of illness and treatment effect in cost-value analysis of health care," Health Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 227-238, August.
  8. Liu, Feng & Zhang, Ning & Cheng, Kai-Wen & Wang, Hua, 2010. "Reduced smoking and rising obesity: Does smoking ban in the workplace matter?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 108(3), pages 249-252, September.
  9. Yörük, BarIs K. & Yörük, Ceren Ertan, 2011. "The impact of minimum legal drinking age laws on alcohol consumption, smoking, and marijuana use: Evidence from a regression discontinuity design using exact date of birth," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 740-752, July.
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Cited by:
  1. Luca, Pieroni & Pierluigi, Daddi & Luca, Salmasi, 2013. "Impact of Italian smoking ban on business activity of restaurants, cafès and bars," MPRA Paper 47369, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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