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One Last Puff? Public Smoking Bans and Smoking Behavior

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Author Info

  • Anger, Silke

    ()
    (Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Nuremberg)

  • Kvasnicka, Michael

    ()
    (Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg)

  • Siedler, Thomas

    ()
    (University of Hamburg)

Abstract

This paper investigates the short-term effects of public smoking bans on individual smoking behavior. In 2007 and 2008, state-level smoking bans were gradually introduced in all of Germany's sixteen federal states. We exploit this variation in the timing of state bans to identify the effect that smoke-free policies had on individuals' smoking propensity and smoking intensity. Using rich longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study, our difference-in-differences estimates show that the introduction of smoke-free legislation in Germany did not change average smoking behavior within the population. However, our estimates also point to important heterogeneous effects. Groups that go out more often, and hence are more exposed to the constraints of public smoking bans in everyday life, did adjust their smoking behavior. Specifically, we find that young, unmarried individuals, men, and those living in urban areas are groups that are both less likely to smoke and smoke less intensively following the introduction of public smoking bans. Furthermore, effects on individual smoking habits proved stronger in states that had more strict smoking bans. Public smoking bans, therefore, have important health benefits over and above the reduction in exposure of non-smokers to second-hand smoke that is their immediate and prime objective.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4873.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4873

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Keywords: smoking; cigarette consumption; public smoking bans; treatment effects;

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References

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  1. Becker, Gary S & Grossman, Michael & Murphy, Kevin M, 1994. "An Empirical Analysis of Cigarette Addiction," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(3), pages 396-418, June.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Wildman, John & Hollingsworth, Bruce, 2013. "Public smoking bans and self-assessed health: Evidence from Great Britain," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 118(1), pages 209-212.
  2. Christopher Carpenter & Sabina Postolek & Casey Warman, 2011. "Public-Place Smoking Laws and Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS)," Working Papers 1260, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  3. Ceren Ertan Yörük & Baris K. Yörük, 2014. "Do Minimum Legal Tobacco Purchase Age Laws Work?," CESifo Working Paper Series 4860, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. repec:ese:iserwp:2014-07 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Emilia Del Bono & Klaus Grünberger & Daniela Vuri, 2013. "Seasonality in smoking behaviour: Re-evaluating the effects of the 2005 public smoking ban in Italy," CEIS Research Paper 295, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 18 Oct 2013.
  6. Buonanno, Paolo & Ranzani, Marco, 2013. "Thank you for not smoking: Evidence from the Italian smoking ban," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 109(2), pages 192-199.
  7. Daniel Kuehnle & Christoph Wunder, 2013. "The Effects of Smoking Bans on Self-Assessed Health: Evidence from Germany," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 586, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  8. Bharadwaj, Prashant & Johnsen, Julian V. & Loken, Katrine Vellesen, 2012. "Smoking Bans, Maternal Smoking and Birth Outcomes," IZA Discussion Papers 7006, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Gabriel M. Ahlfeldt & Wolfgang Maennig, 2010. "Impact of Non-smoking Ordinances on Hospitality Revenues: The Case of Germany," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 230(5), pages 506-521, October.
  10. Odermatt, Reto & Stutzer, Alois, 2013. "Smoking Bans, Cigarette Prices and Life Satisfaction," IZA Discussion Papers 7177, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. Pieroni, Luca & Chiavarini, Manuela & Minelli, Liliana & Salmasi, Luca, 2012. "The role of anti-smoking legislation on cigarette and alcohol consumption habits in Italy," MPRA Paper 42480, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. Andrew Leicester & Peter Levell, 2013. "Anti-smoking policies and smoker well-being: evidence from Britain," IFS Working Papers W13/13, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  13. Shantanu Bagchi & James Feigenbaum, 2014. "Is Smoking a Fiscal Good?," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 17(1), pages 170-190, January.
  14. Nguyen, Hai V., 2013. "Do smoke-free car laws work? Evidence from a quasi-experiment," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 138-148.

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