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One Last Puff?: Public Smoking Bans and Smoking Behavior

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  • Silke Anger
  • Michael Kvasnicka
  • Thomas Siedler

Abstract

This paper investigates the short-term effects of public smoking bans on individual smoking behavior. In 2007 and 2008, state-level smoking bans were gradually introduced in all of Germany's sixteen federal states. We exploit this variation in the timing of state bans to identify the effect that smoke-free policies had on individuals' smoking propensity and smoking intensity. Using rich longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study, our difference-in-differences estimates show that the introduction of smoke-free legislation in Germany did not change average smoking behavior within the population. However, our estimates also point to important heterogeneous effects. Groups that go out more often, and hence are more exposed to the constraints of public smoking bans in everyday life, did adjust their smoking behavior. Specifically, we find that young, unmarried individuals, and those living in urban areas are groups that are both less likely to smoke and smoke less intensively following the introduction of public smoking bans. Furthermore, effects on individual smoking habits proved stronger in states that had more strict smoking bans. Public smoking bans, therefore, have important health benefits over and above the reduction in exposure of non-smokers to second-hand smoke that is their immediate and prime objective.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its series Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin with number 992.

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Length: 35 p.
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp992

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Keywords: Public smoking bans; smoking; cigarette consumption; treatment effects;

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References

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  1. Doug Miller & A. Colin Cameron & Jonah B. Gelbach, 2006. "Bootstrap-Based Improvements for Inference with Clustered Errors," Working Papers, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics 621, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Pieroni, Luca & Chiavarini, Manuela & Minelli, Liliana & Salmasi, Luca, 2013. "The role of anti-smoking legislation on cigarette and alcohol consumption habits in Italy," Health Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 111(2), pages 116-126.
  2. Odermatt, Reto & Stutzer, Alois, 2013. "Smoking Bans, Cigarette Prices and Life Satisfaction," IZA Discussion Papers 7177, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Shantanu Bagchi & James Feigenbaum, 2014. "Is Smoking a Fiscal Good?," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 17(1), pages 170-190, January.
  4. Daniel Kuehnle & Christoph Wunder, 2013. "The effects of smoking bans on self-assessed health: evidence from Germany," Working Papers, Bavarian Graduate Program in Economics (BGPE) 140, Bavarian Graduate Program in Economics (BGPE).
  5. Bharadwaj, Prashant & Johnsen, Julian V. & Løken, Katrine V., 2012. "Smoking Bans, Maternal Smoking and Birth Outcomes," Working Papers in Economics, University of Bergen, Department of Economics 17/12, University of Bergen, Department of Economics.
  6. Gabriel M. Ahlfeldt & Wolfgang Maennig, 2010. "Impact of Non-smoking Ordinances on Hospitality Revenues: The Case of Germany," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 230(5), pages 506-521, October.
  7. Christopher Carpenter & Sabina Postolek & Casey Warman, 2011. "Public-Place Smoking Laws and Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS)," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 3(3), pages 35-61, August.
  8. Wildman, John & Hollingsworth, Bruce, 2013. "Public smoking bans and self-assessed health: Evidence from Great Britain," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 118(1), pages 209-212.
  9. Ceren Ertan Yoruk & Baris Yoruk, 2013. "Do minimum legal tobacco purchase age laws work?," Discussion Papers 13-06, University at Albany, SUNY, Department of Economics.
  10. Buonanno, Paolo & Ranzani, Marco, 2013. "Thank you for not smoking: Evidence from the Italian smoking ban," Health Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 109(2), pages 192-199.
  11. Del Bono, Emilia & Grünberger, Klaus & Vuri, Daniela, 2013. "Seasonality in Smoking Behaviour: Re-evaluating the Effects of the 2005 Public Smoking Ban in Italy," IZA Discussion Papers 7693, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  12. Andrew Leicester & Peter Levell, 2013. "Anti-smoking policies and smoker well-being: evidence from Britain," IFS Working Papers, Institute for Fiscal Studies W13/13, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  13. Nguyen, Hai V., 2013. "Do smoke-free car laws work? Evidence from a quasi-experiment," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 138-148.

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