A model of the impact of smoking bans on smoking with evidence from bans in England and Scotland
AbstractThis paper evaluates the impact of smoking bans on smoking using a policy change introduced by the UK government. We present a theoretical model of smoking that defines an individualâ€™s life-cycle addiction and cigarette consumption in the presence and in the absence of a public smoking ban. The model shows that the imposition of a public smoking ban should affect individuals differently according to their age, gender and previous level of cigarette consumption. We test the predictions of the model using data drawn from the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS). We assess the short-term impact of the UK smoking ban using differences-in-differences (DD) and changes-in-changes (CC) methods. We make use of the longitudinal nature of the data and implement a set of more flexible DD fixed effects panel data models. We find that the introduction of the smoking bans in Scotland and England had no impact on overall smoking prevalence. However, we do find some evidence on the effects of the ban on the levelof cigarette consumption, especially among male heavy smokers, female moderate and heavy smokers and young people.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York in its series Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers with number 11/05.
Date of creation: May 2011
Date of revision:
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Postal: HEDG/HERC, Department of Economics and Related Studies, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
Phone: (0)1904 323776
Fax: (0)1904 323759
Web page: http://www.york.ac.uk/res/herc/research/hedg/
More information through EDIRC
smoking; smoking bans; policy evaluation; BHPS;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
- C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Longitudinal Data; Spatial Time Series
- D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
- I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
- I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
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- Andrew Leicester & Peter Levell, 2013. "Anti-smoking policies and smoker well-being: evidence from Britain," IFS Working Papers W13/13, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
- Pieroni, Luca & Chiavarini, Manuela & Minelli, Liliana & Salmasi, Luca, 2013.
"The role of anti-smoking legislation on cigarette and alcohol consumption habits in Italy,"
Elsevier, vol. 111(2), pages 116-126.
- Pieroni, Luca & Chiavarini, Manuela & Minelli, Liliana & Salmasi, Luca, 2012. "The role of anti-smoking legislation on cigarette and alcohol consumption habits in Italy," MPRA Paper 42480, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Nguyen, Hai V., 2013. "Do smoke-free car laws work? Evidence from a quasi-experiment," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 138-148.
- Wildman, John & Hollingsworth, Bruce, 2013. "Public smoking bans and self-assessed health: Evidence from Great Britain," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 118(1), pages 209-212.
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