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Medical Marijuana Laws and Teen Marijuana Use

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Author Info

  • Anderson, D. Mark

    ()
    (Montana State University)

  • Hansen, Benjamin

    ()
    (University of Oregon)

  • Rees, Daniel I.

    ()
    (University of Colorado Denver)

Abstract

While at least a dozen state legislatures are considering bills to allow the consumption of marijuana for medicinal purposes, the federal government has recently intensified its efforts to close medical marijuana dispensaries. Federal officials contend that the legalization of medical marijuana encourages teenagers to use marijuana and have targeted dispensaries operating within 1,000 feet of schools, parks and playgrounds. Using data from the national and state Youth Risk Behavior Surveys, the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 and the Treatment Episode Data Set, we estimate the relationship between medical marijuana laws and marijuana use. Our results are not consistent with the hypothesis that legalization leads to increased use of marijuana by teenagers.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6592.

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Length: 49 pages
Date of creation: May 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6592

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Keywords: marijuana; youth risky behavior; medical marijuana laws;

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References

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  1. van Ours, Jan C & Williams, Jenny, 2007. "Why Parents Worry: Initiation into Cannabis Use by Youth and their Educational Attainment," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 6449, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Anderson, D. Mark, 2010. "Does information matter? The effect of the Meth Project on meth use among youths," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 732-742, September.
  3. Hope Corman & Dhaval M. Dave & Nancy E. Reichman & Dhiman Das, 2010. "Effects of Welfare Reform on Illicit Drug Use of Adult Women," NBER Working Papers 16072, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  5. Jenny Williams & Rosalie Liccardo Pacula & Frank J. Chaloupka & Henry Wechsler, 2001. "Alcohol and Marijuana Use Among College Students: Economic Complements or Substitutes?," NBER Working Papers 8401, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  7. Jeff DeSimone & Matthew C. Farrelly, . "Price and Enforcement Effects on Cocaine and Marijuana Demand," Working Papers, East Carolina University, Department of Economics 0101, East Carolina University, Department of Economics.
  8. Rashad, Inas & Kaestner, Robert, 2004. "Teenage sex, drugs and alcohol use: problems identifying the cause of risky behaviors," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 493-503, May.
  9. Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo, 1998. "Does increasing the beer tax reduce marijuana consumption?," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 557-585, October.
  10. DiNardo, John & Lemieux, Thomas, 2001. "Alcohol, marijuana, and American youth: the unintended consequences of government regulation," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 991-1010, November.
  11. Tetsuji Yamada & Michael Kendix & Tadashi Yamada, 1993. "The Impact of Alcohol Consumption and Marijuana Use on High School Graduation," NBER Working Papers 4497, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Scott Cunningham & Keith Finlay, 2013. "Parental Substance Use And Foster Care: Evidence From Two Methamphetamine Supply Shocks," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 51(1), pages 764-782, 01.
  13. van Ours, Jan C. & Williams, Jenny, 2009. "Cannabis Use and Mental Health Problems," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 7384, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  14. Farrelly, Matthew C. & Bray, Jeremy W. & Zarkin, Gary A. & Wendling, Brett W., 2001. "The joint demand for cigarettes and marijuana: evidence from the National Household Surveys on Drug Abuse," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 51-68, January.
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  16. Alison Aughinbaugh & Maury Gittleman, 2003. "Maternal Employment and Adolescent Risky Behavior," Labor and Demography, EconWPA 0302002, EconWPA.
  17. Anderson, D. Mark & Rees, Daniel I., 2011. "Medical Marijuana Laws, Traffic Fatalities, and Alcohol Consumption," IZA Discussion Papers 6112, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  18. James Nonnemaker & Mark Engelen & Daniel Shive, 2011. "Are methamphetamine precursor control laws effective tools to fight the methamphetamine epidemic?," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(5), pages 519-531, May.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Anderson, D. Mark & Hansen, Benjamin & Walker, Mary Beth, 2013. "The minimum dropout age and student victimization," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 66-74.
  2. Palali, Ali & van Ours, Jan C, 2013. "Distance to cannabis-shops and age of onset of cannabis use," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 9632, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Hefei Wen & Jason Hockenberry & Janet R. Cummings, 2014. "The Effect of Medical Marijuana Laws on Marijuana, Alcohol, and Hard Drug Use," NBER Working Papers 20085, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Chu, Yu-Wei Luke, 2014. "The effects of medical marijuana laws on illegal marijuana use," Working Paper Series, Victoria University of Wellington, School of Economics and Finance 3212, Victoria University of Wellington, School of Economics and Finance.

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