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Човешки Капитал, Водещ Човешки Капитал И Доходи От Труд: Как Образованието Определя Дохода От Труд В Икономиката На България?
[Human Capital, Leading Human Capital and Labour Incomes]

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  • Simeonova-Ganeva, Ralitsa
  • Panayotova, Nataliya

Abstract

What is the level of accumulated human capital in an economy in transition? Does education determine labour income in transition economies? In this study we try to answer these questions using data on 148,942 employees in 13 economic activities in Bulgaria. In the first place, we refer to the term "zero-skilled human capital". Secondly, we introduce and define the term "leading human capital" and measure the distance between each working individual and the leading human capital in respect with labour income. Then, we attempt to measure the accumulated human capital based on the methodology introduced by Mulligan and Sala-i-Martin (1995). In addition to previously existing approaches, we justify application of the distance between zero-skilled and leading human capital as an alternative measure of accumulated human capital. Finally, we evaluate the impact of education both on labor income as well as on distance to leading human capital.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 34261.

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Date of creation: 21 Dec 2008
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:34261

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Keywords: human capital; labour incomes; measuring human capital; zero-skilled human capital; leading human capital; distance to leading human capital; transition economies;

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  1. Marin, Dalia & Koman, Reinhard, 2005. "Human Capital and Macroeconomic Growth: Austria and Germany 1960-1997. An Update," Discussion Papers in Economics 569, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  2. Benhabib, Jess & Spiegel, Mark M., 1994. "The role of human capital in economic development evidence from aggregate cross-country data," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 143-173, October.
  3. Jacob A. Mincer, 1974. "Introduction to "Schooling, Experience, and Earnings"," NBER Chapters, in: Schooling, Experience, and Earnings, pages 1-4 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Jeong, Byeongju, 2002. "Measurement of human capital input across countries: a method based on the laborer's income," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(2), pages 333-349, April.
  5. Islam, Nazrul, 1995. "Growth Empirics: A Panel Data Approach," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(4), pages 1127-70, November.
  6. Azariadis, Costas & Drazen, Allan, 1990. "Threshold Externalities in Economic Development," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 105(2), pages 501-26, May.
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