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Formal sector price discoveries: preliminary results from a developing country

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  • Choudhary, M. Ali
  • Naeem, Saima
  • Faheem, Abdul
  • Hanif, Nadim
  • Pasha, Farooq

Abstract

We present preliminary results of 1086 structured interviews about price setting behavior of the formal firms in the manufacturing and services sector of Pakistan. Our key discoveries are that frequency of price change is considerably high in Pakistan, lowering the real impact of monetary policy. Price rigidity is explained mainly by firms caring about relative prices and the persistence of a given shock. The exchange rate and cost shocks are more important than financial and demand shocks for both setting prices and also the readiness with which these pass-through to the economy. Large firms change prices more frequently compared to smaller firms. Formal sector firms, especially medium sized firms, interact more with informal sector firms through the demand and supply channels. Formal firms highly connected with the informal sector have lower frequency of price changes. Formal sector firms hold lack of taxes and compliance with tax regime, i.e. enforcement, as the main reasons for the existence of the informal sector.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 32368.

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Date of creation: 18 Jul 2011
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:32368

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Keywords: Price Setting; Developing Country;

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  1. Wasim Shahid Malik & Ahsan ul Haq Satti & Ghulam Saghir, 2010. "Price Setting Behaviour of Pakistani Firms: Evidence from Four Industrial Cities of Punjab," PIDE-Working Papers, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics 2010:65, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
  2. Frankel, Jeffrey, 2011. "Monetary Policy in Emerging Markets: A Survey," Working Paper Series, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government rwp11-003, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
  3. Guillermo E. Perry & William F. Maloney & Omar S. Arias & Pablo Fajnzylber & Andrew D. Mason & Jaime Saavedra-Chanduvi, 2007. "Informality : Exit and Exclusion," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6730, August.
  4. Emi Nakamura & Jón Steinsson, 2008. "Five Facts about Prices: A Reevaluation of Menu Cost Models," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 123(4), pages 1415-1464, November.
  5. Rotemberg, Julio J, 1982. "Sticky Prices in the United States," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(6), pages 1187-1211, December.
  6. Fabiani, Silvia & Loupias, Claire & Martins, Fernando & Sabbatini, Roberto (ed.), 2007. "Pricing Decisions in the Euro Area: How Firms Set Prices and Why," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780195309287, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Muhammad Nadim Hanif & Muhammad Jahanzeb Malik & Javed Iqbal, 2012. "Intrinsic Inflation Persistence in a Developing Country," Working Papers id:5040, eSocialSciences.
  2. Hanif, Muhammad Nadim, 2012. "A Note on Food Inflation in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 45009, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 11 Mar 2013.
  3. Haider, Adnan & Jan, Asad & Hyder, Kalim, 2012. "On the (IR) Relevance of Monetary Aggregate Targeting in Pakistan: An Eclectic View," MPRA Paper 43422, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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