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Einflussfaktoren von Forschung und Entwicklung in der Schweizer Industrie: Ergebnisse einer schriftlichen Expertenbefragung
[Determinants of Research and Development in the Swiss Industry: Results of a Survey]

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  • Harabi, Najib

Abstract

Das vorliegende Arbeitspapier fasst die Ergebnisse einer im Sommer 1988 durchgeführten schriftlichen Expertenbefragung zu den Bestimmungsfaktoren von Forschung und Entwicklung in der Schweizer Industrie zusammen. Von den 940 befragten Unternehmungen haben 358 oder ca. 40% geantwortet; sie waren in 127 verschiedenen Wirtschaftsarten tätig. Inhaltlich befasst sich die Befragung mit den zwei folgenden Determinanten von F&E: 1) Aneignung und Sicherung der Ergebnisse von F&E (Appropriability conditions) und 2) Technologische Chancen (Technological opportunities). Die Ergebnisse der Befragüng sind u.a. für die Patent- und Forschungspolitik sowohl von Einzelunternehmungen als auch des Staates relevant.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 26213.

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Date of creation: Sep 1991
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:26213

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Keywords: R&D; Determinants of R&D; Innovation; technical change; Switzerland;

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References

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  1. Teece, David J., 1986. "Profiting from technological innovation: Implications for integration, collaboration, licensing and public policy," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 15(6), pages 285-305, December.
  2. Glenn C. Loury, 1976. "Market Structure and Innovation," Discussion Papers, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science 256, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  3. Harabi, Najib, 1992. "Determinanten des Technischen Fortschritts: Eine Empirische Analyse für die Schweiz
    [Determinants of Technical Change: An Empirical Analysis for Switzerland]
    ," MPRA Paper 26217, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Spence, Michael, 1984. "Cost Reduction, Competition, and Industry Performance," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 52(1), pages 101-21, January.
  5. Richard R. Nelson, 1959. "The Simple Economics of Basic Scientific Research," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 67, pages 297.
  6. Richard Levin & Peter C. Reiss, 1984. "Tests of a Schumpeterian Model of R&D and Market Structure," NBER Chapters, in: R & D, Patents, and Productivity, pages 175-208 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Dosi, Giovanni, 1988. "Sources, Procedures, and Microeconomic Effects of Innovation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(3), pages 1120-71, September.
  8. Horstmann, Ignatius & MacDonald, Glenn M & Slivinski, Alan, 1985. "Patents as Information Transfer Mechanisms: To Patent or (Maybe) Not to Patent," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(5), pages 837-58, October.
  9. Shapiro, Carl, 1985. "Patent Licensing and R&D Rivalry," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 75(2), pages 25-30, May.
  10. Kenneth Arrow, 1962. "Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention," NBER Chapters, in: The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, pages 609-626 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Richard C. Levin & Alvin K. Klevorick & Richard R. Nelson & Sidney G. Winter, 1987. "Appropriating the Returns from Industrial Research and Development," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 18(3), pages 783-832.
  12. Dasgupta, Partha & Stiglitz, Joseph, 1980. "Industrial Structure and the Nature of Innovative Activity," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(358), pages 266-93, June.
  13. Edwin Mansfield, 1986. "Patents and Innovation: An Empirical Study," Management Science, INFORMS, INFORMS, vol. 32(2), pages 173-181, February.
  14. Levin, Richard C, 1978. "Technical Change, Barriers to Entry, and Market Structure," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 45(180), pages 347-61, November.
  15. Levin, Richard C, 1986. "A New Look at the Patent System," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 76(2), pages 199-202, May.
  16. Cohen, Wesley M. & Levin, Richard C., 1989. "Empirical studies of innovation and market structure," Handbook of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, in: R. Schmalensee & R. Willig (ed.), Handbook of Industrial Organization, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 18, pages 1059-1107 Elsevier.
  17. Lee, Tom & Wilde, Louis L, 1980. "Market Structure and Innovation: A Reformulation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 94(2), pages 429-36, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Petra Moser, 2003. "How Do Patent Laws Influence Innovation? Evidence from Nineteenth-Century World Fairs," NBER Working Papers 9909, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Harabi, Najib, 1995. "Appropriability of technical innovations an empirical analysis," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(6), pages 981-992, November.
  3. Harabi, N., 1993. "Sources of Technological Progress, An Empirical Investigation," Papers, Universitat Zurich - Wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Institut 31, Universitat Zurich - Wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Institut.
  4. Harabi, N., 1991. "Innovation Versus Imitation: Empirical Evidence from Swiss Firms," Papers, Universitat Zurich - Wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Institut 15, Universitat Zurich - Wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Institut.
  5. Harabi, Najib, 1993. "Technischer Fortschritt in der Schweiz: Ein kurzer Ueberblick
    [Technical Progress in Switzerland: A short overview]
    ," MPRA Paper 26264, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Harabi, Najib, 1996. "Patents in Theory and Practice: Empirical Results from Switzerland," MPRA Paper 9606, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Harabi, Najib, 1993. "Technologische Chancen Und Technischer Fortschritt: Eine Empirische Untersuchung
    [Technological Opportunities and Technical Progress: An empirical Analysis]
    ," MPRA Paper 5529, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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