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Technologische Chancen Und Technischer Fortschritt: Eine Empirische Untersuchung
[Technological Opportunities and Technical Progress: An empirical Analysis]

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  • Harabi, Najib

Abstract

The main purpose of the paper is to analyse empirically the sources of technological opportunities. The analysis is based on a survey among 358 R&D managers operating in 127 different busniss units in Switzerland. Das Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit besteht darin, die Frage nach den technologischen Chancen - d.h. nach den Chancen von Innovatoren, Zugang zu ökonomisch verwertbarem technischem Wissen zu haben - anhand schweizerischer Daten empirisch zu untersuchen. Dabei wird dieser zentrale angebotsseitige Bestimmungsfaktor des technischen Fortschritts nicht nur generell für die gesamte Industrie, sondern auch im Hinblick auf interindustrielle Unterschiede untersucht. Die Analyse basiert auf einer im Sommer 1988 durchgeführten schriftlichen und mündlichen Expertenbefragung in der Schweizer Industrie. Von den 940 befragten Experten (vorwiegend F&E-Leiter ausgewählter Unternehmen) haben 358 oder ca. 40% geantwortet; sie waren in 127 verschiedenen Wirtschaftsarten tätig.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 5529.

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Date of creation: May 1993
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:5529

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Related research

Keywords: Technological Opportunities; Technical Change; Science; technical progress; Switzerland;

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References

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  1. Spence, Michael, 1984. "Cost Reduction, Competition, and Industry Performance," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(1), pages 101-21, January.
  2. Dasgupta, Partha & Stiglitz, Joseph, 1980. "Industrial Structure and the Nature of Innovative Activity," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(358), pages 266-93, June.
  3. Christopher Freeman, 1991. "Innovation, Changes of Techno-Economic Paradigm and Biological Analogies in Economics," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 42(2), pages 211-232.
  4. Cohen, Wesley M & Levinthal, Daniel A, 1989. "Innovation and Learning: The Two Faces of R&D," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(397), pages 569-96, September.
  5. Harabi, Najib, 1991. "Einflussfaktoren von Forschung und Entwicklung in der Schweizer Industrie: Ergebnisse einer schriftlichen Expertenbefragung
    [Determinants of Research and Development in the Swiss Industry: Results
    ," MPRA Paper 26213, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Pierre Mohnen, 1992. "International R&D Spillovers," Cahiers de recherche du Département des sciences économiques, UQAM 9208, Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences économiques.
  7. Christopher Freeman, 1991. "Innovation, Changes of Techno-Economic Paradigm and Biological Analogies in Economics," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(2), pages 211-232.
  8. Kenneth Arrow, 1962. "Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention," NBER Chapters, in: The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, pages 609-626 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Carlsson, B & Stankiewicz, R, 1991. "On the Nature, Function and Composition of Technological Systems," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 1(2), pages 93-118, April.
  10. Cohen, Wesley M. & Levin, Richard C., 1989. "Empirical studies of innovation and market structure," Handbook of Industrial Organization, in: R. Schmalensee & R. Willig (ed.), Handbook of Industrial Organization, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 18, pages 1059-1107 Elsevier.
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