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Einflussfaktoren von Forschung und Entwicklung in der Schweizer Industrie: Ergebnisse einer schriftlichen Expertenbefragung
[Factors Affecting Research and Development - Results of a Survey in Swiss Industry]

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  • Harabi, Najib

Abstract

Das vorliegende Arbeitspapler fasst die Ergebnisse einer im Sommer 1988 durchgeführten schriftlichen Expertenbefragung zu den Bestimmunsfaktoren von Forschung und Entwicklung in der Schweizer Industrie zusammen. Von den 940 beragten Untemehmungen haben 358 Oder ca. 40% geantwortet; sie waren in 127 verschiedenen Wirtschaftsarten tätig. Inhaltlich befasst sich die Befragung mit den zwei folgenden Determinanten von F&E: 1) Aneignung und Sicherung der Ergebnisse von F&E (Appropriabillty conditions) und 2) Technologische Chancen(Technological opporlunities). Die Ergebnisse der Betragung sind u.a. für die Patent- und Forschungspolitik sowohl von Unternehmungen als auch des Staates relevant.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 5257.

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Date of creation: Sep 1991
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:5257

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Keywords: Reserach and Development; Technological Opportunities; Appropriabily conditions; innovation; patents; Technological change; Switzerland;

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References

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  1. Edwin Mansfield, 1986. "Patents and Innovation: An Empirical Study," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 32(2), pages 173-181, February.
  2. Loury, Glenn C, 1979. "Market Structure and Innovation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 93(3), pages 395-410, August.
  3. Shapiro, Carl, 1985. "Patent Licensing and R&D Rivalry," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(2), pages 25-30, May.
  4. Cohen, Wesley M. & Levin, Richard C., 1989. "Empirical studies of innovation and market structure," Handbook of Industrial Organization, in: R. Schmalensee & R. Willig (ed.), Handbook of Industrial Organization, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 18, pages 1059-1107 Elsevier.
  5. Lee, Tom & Wilde, Louis L, 1980. "Market Structure and Innovation: A Reformulation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 94(2), pages 429-36, March.
  6. Richard C. Levin & Alvin K. Klevorick & Richard R. Nelson & Sidney G. Winter, 1987. "Appropriating the Returns from Industrial Research and Development," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 18(3), pages 783-832.
  7. Kenneth Arrow, 1962. "Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention," NBER Chapters, in: The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, pages 609-626 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Richard R. Nelson, 1959. "The Simple Economics of Basic Scientific Research," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 67, pages 297.
  9. Dosi, Giovanni, 1988. "Sources, Procedures, and Microeconomic Effects of Innovation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(3), pages 1120-71, September.
  10. Teece, David J., 1986. "Profiting from technological innovation: Implications for integration, collaboration, licensing and public policy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 15(6), pages 285-305, December.
  11. Horstmann, Ignatius & MacDonald, Glenn M & Slivinski, Alan, 1985. "Patents as Information Transfer Mechanisms: To Patent or (Maybe) Not to Patent," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(5), pages 837-58, October.
  12. Spence, Michael, 1984. "Cost Reduction, Competition, and Industry Performance," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(1), pages 101-21, January.
  13. Levin, Richard C, 1978. "Technical Change, Barriers to Entry, and Market Structure," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 45(180), pages 347-61, November.
  14. Dasgupta, Partha & Stiglitz, Joseph, 1980. "Industrial Structure and the Nature of Innovative Activity," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(358), pages 266-93, June.
  15. Richard Levin & Peter C. Reiss, 1984. "Tests of a Schumpeterian Model of R&D and Market Structure," NBER Chapters, in: R & D, Patents, and Productivity, pages 175-208 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Harabi, Najib, 1992. "Determinanten des Technischen Fortschritts: Eine Empirische Analyse für die Schweiz
    [Determinants of Technical Change: An Empirical Analysis for Switzerland]
    ," MPRA Paper 26217, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  17. Levin, Richard C, 1986. "A New Look at the Patent System," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(2), pages 199-202, May.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Harabi, N., 1991. "Innovation Versus Imitation: Empirical Evidence from Swiss Firms," Papers 15, Universitat Zurich - Wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Institut.
  2. Harabi, Najib, 1993. "Technologische Chancen Und Technischer Fortschritt: Eine Empirische Untersuchung
    [Technological Opportunities and Technical Progress: An empirical Analysis]
    ," MPRA Paper 5529, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Harabi, N., 1993. "Sources of Technological Progress, An Empirical Investigation," Papers 31, Universitat Zurich - Wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Institut.
  4. Petra Moser, 2005. "How Do Patent Laws Influence Innovation? Evidence from Nineteenth-Century World's Fairs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(4), pages 1214-1236, September.
  5. Harabi, N., 1993. "Appropriabiblity of Technical Innovations: An Empirical Analysis," Papers 31a, Universitat Zurich - Wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Institut.
  6. Harabi, Najib, 1996. "Patents in Theory and Practice: Empirical Results from Switzerland," MPRA Paper 9606, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Harabi, Najib, 1993. "Technischer Fortschritt in der Schweiz: Ein kurzer Ueberblick
    [Technical Progress in Switzerland: A short overview]
    ," MPRA Paper 26264, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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