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Facteurs déterminants la recherche et le développement dans l'industrie: Résultats d'une enquête écrite sur l'industrie suisse
[Factors affecting R&D in the manufactiring industry: empirical results for Switzerland]

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  • Harabi, Najib

Abstract

La présente étude résume les résultats obtenus lors de l'enquête effectuée en été 1988 sur les facteurs déterminant la R&D dans l'industrie suisse. Parmi les 940 entreprises sélectionnées, 358 ou environ 38 % d'entre elles ont répondu au questionnaire. Elles se répartissent en 127 genres d'activités économiques différents. L'analyse c'est concentrée sur les deux facteurs déterminant la R&D, à savoir- - l'appropriation des résultats de R&D - les chances technologiques Les résultats de cette enquête ont un intérêt particulier pour la politique de la recherche et des brevets des entreprises individuelles et de l'Etat. En outre, il a été montré que l'efficacité des brevets comme moyen de protection des résultats de la R&D était considérée de façon différente selon le genre d'activités économiques. Dans l'industrie chimique, et plus particulièrement pharmaceutique, les brevets jouent un rôle très significatif de protection, ce qui n'est pas le cas pour les autres industries. Une politique des brevets différenciée serait à recommander. Les informations obtenues concernant les sources du progrès technique, l'importance de la recherche fondamentale et appliquée et de la recherche universitaire mettent en évidence les 19 domaines dans lesquels, du point de vue de l'économie privée, devrait se concentrer la politique de l'Etat en matière de recherche. Dans une étude précédente (Harabi 1992), le rapport entre les déterminants de la R&D, les dépenses en R&D et d'autres indicateurs de la capacité innovatrice de l'industrie suisse avait été statistiquement analysé. Les résultats montrent lesquels des facteurs déterminants de la R&D déjà mentionnés sont statistiquement plus importants

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 26269.

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Date of creation: Aug 1993
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:26269

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Keywords: R&D; Innovation; Technical change; Switzerland;

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  1. Richard Levin & Peter C. Reiss, 1984. "Tests of a Schumpeterian Model of R&D and Market Structure," NBER Chapters, in: R & D, Patents, and Productivity, pages 175-208 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Richard C. Levin & Alvin K. Klevorick & Richard R. Nelson & Sidney G. Winter, 1987. "Appropriating the Returns from Industrial Research and Development," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 18(3), pages 783-832.
  3. Teece, David J., 1993. "Profiting from technological innovation: Implications for integration, collaboration, licensing and public policy," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 112-113, April.
  4. Kenneth Arrow, 1962. "Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention," NBER Chapters, in: The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, pages 609-626 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Glenn C. Loury, 1976. "Market Structure and Innovation," Discussion Papers 256, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  6. Edwin Mansfield, 1986. "Patents and Innovation: An Empirical Study," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 32(2), pages 173-181, February.
  7. Dasgupta, Partha & Stiglitz, Joseph, 1980. "Industrial Structure and the Nature of Innovative Activity," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(358), pages 266-93, June.
  8. Levin, Richard C, 1986. "A New Look at the Patent System," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(2), pages 199-202, May.
  9. Dosi, Giovanni, 1988. "Sources, Procedures, and Microeconomic Effects of Innovation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(3), pages 1120-71, September.
  10. Schmookler, Jacob, 1962. "Economic Sources of Inventive Activity," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 22(01), pages 1-20, March.
  11. Cohen, Wesley M. & Levin, Richard C., 1989. "Empirical studies of innovation and market structure," Handbook of Industrial Organization, in: R. Schmalensee & R. Willig (ed.), Handbook of Industrial Organization, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 18, pages 1059-1107 Elsevier.
  12. Levin, Richard C, 1978. "Technical Change, Barriers to Entry, and Market Structure," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 45(180), pages 347-61, November.
  13. Richard R. Nelson, 1959. "The Simple Economics of Basic Scientific Research," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 67, pages 297.
  14. Lee, Tom & Wilde, Louis L, 1980. "Market Structure and Innovation: A Reformulation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 94(2), pages 429-36, March.
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