The role of education in regional innovation activities and economic growth: spatial evidence from China
AbstractThis study examines one of the channels through which education may contribute to economic growth, specifically, innovation. Endogenous growth theory has long suggested that human capital lead to greater innovation and, through technology innovation and diffusion, contribute to economic growth. However, there is little evidence on the role of human capital in innovation. Using the Chinese provincial data from 1997 to 2006, we show that workers’ tertiary education is significantly and positively related to provincial innovative activities measured by invention patent applications per capita. This result does not vary when spatial dependence is allowed in the estimation. Thus, we find strong and robust evidence for the prediction of endogenous growth theory regarding the effect of human capital on innovation. However, we do not find the consistently significant effect of innovation on growth. This finding may, however, relate to the growth pattern in China.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 15779.
Date of creation: Jun 2009
Date of revision:
Education; Human Capital; Innovation; Paten; Economic Growth; Spatial Analysis;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O1 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
- O3 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-07-03 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2009-07-03 (Development)
- NEP-EDU-2009-07-03 (Education)
- NEP-FDG-2009-07-03 (Financial Development & Growth)
- NEP-GEO-2009-07-03 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-HRM-2009-07-03 (Human Capital & Human Resource Management)
- NEP-KNM-2009-07-03 (Knowledge Management & Knowledge Economy)
- NEP-LAB-2009-07-03 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-TRA-2009-07-03 (Transition Economics)
- NEP-URE-2009-07-03 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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