Positive externalities of congestion, human capital, and socio-economic factors: A case study of chronic illness in Japan
AbstractThis paper explores, using Japanese panel data for the years 1988-2002, how externalities from congestion and human capital influence deaths caused by chronic illnesses. Major findings through fixed effects 2SLS estimation were as follows: (1) the number of deaths were smaller in more densely-populated areas, and this tendency was more distinct for males; (2) higher human capital correlated with a decreased number of deaths, with the effect being greater in females than in males. These findings suggest that human capital and positive externalities stemming from congestion make a contribution to improving lifestyle, which is affected differently by socio-economic circumstance in males and females.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 10833.
Date of creation: 29 Sep 2008
Date of revision:
population density; education; chronic illness;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
- I19 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Other
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-10-07 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2008-10-07 (Education)
- NEP-HEA-2008-10-07 (Health Economics)
- NEP-HRM-2008-10-07 (Human Capital & Human Resource Management)
- NEP-LAB-2008-10-07 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-URE-2008-10-07 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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