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EU-Erweiterung : Die wirtschaftliche Beitrittsfähigkeit der Balkanländer

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  • Michael Knogler

    ()
    (Osteuropa-Institut, Regensburg (Institut for East European Studies))

  • Volkhart Vincentz

    (Osteuropa-Institut, Regensburg (Institut for East European Studies))

Abstract

Nach der in Kopenhagen beschlossenen EU-Erweiterung zum 1. Mai 2004 stellt sich die Frage, wie sich die Beziehungen zu den westlichen Balkanstaaten (Balkan-5: Albanien, Bosnien und Herzegowina (BiH), Kroatien, die ehemalige jugoslawische Republik Mazedonien, Serbien und Montenegro) und zu den südosteuropäischen Staaten insgesamt (SOE7: die Balkan-5 plus Bulgarien und Rumänien) gestalten werden, insbesondere nachdem Kroatien bereits einen Aufnahmeantrag gestellt hat, dem möglicherweise weitere Länder (z.B. Mazedonien) folgen werden. Im Unterschied zum relativ kontinuierlichen Übergang der zehn Beitrittsländer zur Marktwirtschaft, der per saldo von Wirtschaftswachstum begleitet war, ist die hier behandelte Region von Konflikten, Stagnation und Instabilität geprägt. Die Studie untersucht Ausgangslage und Perspektiven eines Beitritts der SOE7 zur EU an Hand der Kopenhagener Kriterien „Funktions- und Wettbewerbsfähigkeit der Wirtschaft“. Die Untersuchung operationalisiert diese beiden Kriterien mittels einer Reihe von Einzelindikatoren, die in ihrer Gesamtheit eine Einschätzung der Funktions- und Wettbewerbsfähigkeit ermöglichen. Zwei weitere Kriterien, nämlich Governance und soziale Kohäsion, die nicht unter die Kopenhagener Wirtschaftskriterien fallen, werden in der Studie zusätzlich zur Bewertung herangezogen.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and South-East European Studies) in its series Working Papers with number 249.

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Length: 100
Date of creation: Jan 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ost:wpaper:249

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  1. Hermann Clement & Michael Knogler & Wolfgang Quaisser & Alexandra Reppegather & Alexei Sekarev & Manuela Troschke & Volkhart Vincentz & Gertrud Buchenrieder & Kinka Gerke-Unger & Walter Gruber & Andre, 2002. "Wachstum in schwierigem Umfeld - Wirtschaftslage und Reformprozesse in Ostmittel- und Südosteuropa sowie der Ukraine 2001/2002," Working Papers 242, Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and South-East European Studies).
  2. Schneider, Friedrich, 2002. "The Size and Development of the Shadow Economies of 22 Transition and 21 OECD Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 514, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Simeon Djankov & Edward L. Glaeser & Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silane & Andrei Shleifer, 2003. "The New Comparative Economics," NBER Working Papers 9608, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Straubhaar, Thomas, 2000. "International mobility of the highly skilled: Brain gain, brain drain or brain exchange," HWWA Discussion Papers 88, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  5. repec:wii:bpaper:bowp:030 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Ayyagari, Meghana & Beck, Thorsten & Demirguc-Kunt, Asl, 2003. "Small and medium enterprises across the globe : a new database," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3127, The World Bank.
  7. Rutkowski, Jan, 2003. "Why is unemployment so high in Bulgaria?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3017, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Möllers, Judith & Zier, Patrick & Frohberg, Klaus & Buchenrieder, Gertrud & Bojnec, Štefan, 2009. "Croatia's EU accession: socio-economic assessment of farm households and policy recommendations," Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Central and Eastern Europe, Leib­niz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO), volume 48, number 53665.
  2. Möllers, Judith, 2006. "Außerlandwirtschaftliche Diversifikation im Transformationsprozzess: Diversifikationsentscheidungen und -strategien ländlicher Haushalte in Slowenien und Mazedonien," Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Central and Eastern Europe, Leib­niz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO), volume 35, number 92495.

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