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Compensation in the Nonprofit Sector

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  • Christopher Ruhm
  • Carey Borkoski

Abstract

This analysis provides an in-depth investigation of the determinants of pay in the nonprofit sector. The main findings are as follows. First, holding constant individual characteristics, average weekly wages are 11 percent lower in nonprofit than for-profit jobs. However, this difference is entirely explained by the concentration of nonprofit employment in relatively low paid industries. Second, an accompanying longitudinal analysis, focusing on movements of workers between nonprofit and profit-seeking employers, suggests a nonprofit penalty of between 2 and 4 percent. Third, nonprofit workers in three specific industries (hospitals, nursing/personal care facilities, social services) earn as much or more than their for-profit counterparts. However, the effects of changing the type of employment varies substantially across the three industries. These results raise questions about several predominant models of nonprofit wage-setting.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 7562.

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Date of creation: Feb 2000
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:7562

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  1. George J. Borjas & H. E. Frech III & Paul B. Ginsburg, 1983. "Property Rights and Wages: The Case of Nursing Homes," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 18(2), pages 231-246.
  2. Barbara R. Bergmann, 1974. "Occupational Segregation, Wages and Profits When Employers Discriminate by Race or Sex," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 1(2), pages 103-110, April.
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