The Connection between Wall Street and Main Street: Measurement and Implications for Monetary Policy
AbstractWe propose a measure of the extent to which a financial sector is connected to the real economy. The Measure of Connectedness is a mesure of composition of the assets, namely the share of the credit to the non-financial sectors over the total credit market instruments. The aggregate U.S. Measure of Connectedness declines by about 27% in the period 1952-2009. We suggest that this increase in disconnectedness between the financial sector and the real economy may have dampened the sensitivity of the real economy to monetary shocks. We present a stylized model that illustrates how interbank trading can reduce the sensitivity of lending to the entrepreneur’s net worth, thereby dampening the credit channel transmission of monetary policy. Finally, we interact our measure with both a SVAR and a FAVAR for the U.S. economy, and establish that the impulse responses to monetary policy shocks are dampened as the level of connection declines.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CIRPEE in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 1331.
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
Connection; financial sector; real economy; monetary policy transmission mechanism;
Other versions of this item:
- Barattieri, Alessandro & Eden, Maya & Stevanovi, Dalibor, 2013. "The connection between Wall Street and Main Street : measurement and implications for monetary policy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6667, The World Bank.
- E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
- E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
- G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-10-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBA-2013-10-02 (Central Banking)
- NEP-MAC-2013-10-02 (Macroeconomics)
- NEP-MON-2013-10-02 (Monetary Economics)
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