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Estimation of Water Demand in Developing Countries: An Overview

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  • NAUGES Céline
  • WHITTINGTON Dale

Abstract

A better understanding of household water use in developing countries is necessary to manage and expand water systems more effectively. Several meta-analyzes have examined the determinants of household water demand in industrialized countries, but little effort has been made to synthesize the growing body of literature evaluating household water demand in developing countries. This article reviews what is known and what is missing from that literature thus far. Analysis of demand for water in developing countries is complicated by abundant evidence that, contrary to what is observed in most developed countries, households in developing countries have access to, and may use more than one of several types of, water sources. The authors describe the different modeling strategies that researchers have adopted to estimate water demand in developing countries and discuss issues related to data collection. The findings from the literature on the main determinants of water demand in these countries suggest that, despite heterogeneity in the places and time periods studied, most estimates of own-price elasticity of water from private connections are in the range from - 0.3 to - 0.6, close to what is usually reported for industrialized countries. The empirical findings on decisions relating to household water sources are much less robust and should be a high priority for future research. Copyright 2010, Oxford University Press.

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Paper provided by LERNA, University of Toulouse in its series LERNA Working Papers with number 08.20.264.

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Date of creation: Aug 2008
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Handle: RePEc:ler:wpaper:08.20.264

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Cited by:
  1. Johanna Choumert & Jesper STAGE & Claudine UWERA, 2014. "Access to water as a determinant of rental values: A hedonic analysis in Rwanda," Working Papers halshs-00939271, HAL.
  2. Vásquez, William F., 2011. "Household preferences and governance of water services: A hedonic analysis from rural Guatemala," IFPRI discussion papers 1152, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  3. Borraz, Fernando & González, Nicolás & Olarreaga, Marcelo, 2011. "Water Nationalization: network access, water quality, and health outcomes," CEPR Discussion Papers 8415, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Henrique Monteiro, 2010. "Residential Water Demand in Portugal: checking for efficiency-based justifications for increasing block tariffs," Working Papers Series 1 ercwp0110, ISCTE-IUL, Business Research Unit (BRU-IUL).
  5. Barde, Julia Alexa & Lehmann, Paul, 2013. "Distributional effects of water tariff reforms: An empirical study for Lima, Peru," UFZ Discussion Papers 14/2013, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ), Division of Social Sciences (ÖKUS).
  6. Fernando Borraz Escames, 2011. "Water nationalization: network access, quality, and health outcomes," Working Papers 201126, Latin American and Caribbean Environmental Economics Program, revised 2011.
  7. Sidibé, Amadou, 2010. "Demand for soil, water and forest conservation in Burkina Faso," Department of Forest Economics publications 2345, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of forest economics.
  8. Ben Zaied Younes, 2013. "A long-run analysis of residential water consumption," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 33(1), pages 536-544.
  9. Worthington, Andrew C., 2010. "Commercial and Industrial Water Demand Estimation: Theoretical and Methodological Guidelines for Applied Economics Research/Estimación de la demanda de agua comercial e industrial: pautas teóricas y," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 28, pages 237-258, Agosto.
  10. Fernando Borraz & Nicol�s Gonz�lez Pampill�n & Marcelo Olarreaga, 2013. "Water Nationalization and Service Quality," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 27(3), pages 389-412.

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