Water, Electricity, and the Poor : Who Benefits from Utility Subsidies?
AbstractWhile consumer utility subsidies are widespread in both the water and electricity sectors, their effectiveness in reaching and distributing resources to the poor is the subject of much debate. This publication brings together empirical evidence on subsidy performance across a wide range of countries. It documents the prevalence of consumer subsidies, provides a typology of the many variants found in the developing world, and presents a number of indicators useful in assessing the degree to which such subsidies benefit the poor, focusing on three key concepts: beneficiary incidence, benefit incidence, and materiality. The findings on subsidy performance will be useful to policy makers, utility regulators, and sector practitioners who are contemplating introducing, eliminating, or modifying utility subsidies, and to those who view consumer utility subsidies as a social protection instrument.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series World Bank Other Operational Studies with number 11745.
Date of creation: Oct 2008
Date of revision:
Taxation and Subsidies Governance - Regional Governance Water Supply and Sanitation - Town Water Supply and Sanitation Economic Theory and Research Water Supply and Sanitation - Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Macroeconomics and Economic Growth;
Other versions of this item:
- Kristin Komives & Vivien Foster & Jonathan Halpern & Quentin Wodon, 2005. "Water, Electricity, and the Poor : Who Benefits from Utility Subsidies?," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6361, October.
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