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On poles and centers : cities in the french style

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  • BOURDEAU-LEPAGE, Lise

    ()
    (LEG - CNRS UMR 5118 - MSH - Université de Bourgogne)

  • HURIOT, Jean-Marie

    ()
    (LEG - CNRS UMR 5118 - MSH - Université de Bourgogne)

Abstract

The term "center" covers a multiple facets reality. A center is not only a concentration of activities. The concept of center can be associated with the ideas of domination, of power, of creation and of interaction. Consequently, the "multicentric city" is an oversimplified view of the contemporary city. The so-called "secondary centers" do not replicate the main center and they are clearly differentiated. Defining the "pole" as a concentration of activities and the "center" as a dominant pole in terms of high-order and strategic activities seems to be more accurate to interpret present urban restructuring in France. At the light of this distinction, the hypothesis can be supported that French cities generally have only one center but many poles.This is the Multipolar Specialized Monocentric hypothesis.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne in its series LEG - Document de travail - Economie with number 2004-07.

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Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lat:legeco:2004-07

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Keywords: urban sprawl ; employment poles ; city center ; french cities;

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References

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  1. Huriot,Jean-Marie & Thisse,Jacques-François (ed.), 2000. "Economics of Cities," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521641906, April.
  2. Giuliano, Genevieve & Small, Kenneth A., 1991. "Subcenters in the Los Angeles region," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 163-182, July.
  3. Frédéric Gaschet, 2002. "articles: The new intra-urban dynamics: Suburbanisation and functional specialisation in French cities," Papers in Regional Science, Springer, vol. 81(1), pages 63-81.
  4. Fujita, Masahisa & Thisse, Jacques-François, 1996. "Economics of Agglomeration," CEPR Discussion Papers 1344, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Richard Arnott & Alex Anas & Kenneth Small, 1997. "Urban Spatial Structure," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 388., Boston College Department of Economics.
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Cited by:
  1. BOURDEAU-LEPAGE, Lise & HURIOT, Jean-Marie & PERREUR, Jacky, 2008. "In search of lost centrality," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2008-01, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
  2. Bourdeau-Lepage, Lise & Huriot, Jean-Marie & Perreur, Jacky, 2012. "À la recherche de la centralité perdue," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Editions NecPlus, vol. 2009(03), pages 549-572, May.

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