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Centres secondaires et recomposition économique des espaces urbains.Le cas de la Communauté de l'Agglomération Dijonnaise (1990 ; 1999)

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Author Info

  • BAUMONT, Catherine

    ()
    (LATEC - CNRS UMR 5118 - Université de Bourgogne)

  • BOURDON, Françoise

    ()
    (LATEC - CNRS UMR 5118 - Université de Bourgogne)

Abstract

L'objectif de ce papier est d'analyser les caractéristiques multicentriques de l'Agglomération dijonnaise en étudiant l'organisation spatiale des activités économiques et de la population. L'étude se rapporte au territoire de la Communauté d'Agglomération dijonnaise (COMADI) qui est composé de 16 communes. L'échelle spatiale utilisée est le zonage Iris-2000 pour les communes de plus de 5000 habitants et l'échelle communales pour les autres villes appartenant à la COMADI : l'échantillon comporte 114 observations. Nous utilisons 2 base de données disponible pour deux années (1990 et 1999) : le fichier SIRENE pour l'emploi par secteurs d'activités (nomenclatures ACTET10 et NAF700) et les données du RGP pour la population. Nous étudions la répartition spatiale de la population et de l'emploi et nous montrons la forme polycentrique de la COMADI en identifiant les centres économiques secondaires. Nous utilisons la méthode proposée par Giuliano et Small. Nous complétons cette méthode d'identification exogène par une analyse des clusters en utilisant les centres potentiels comme observations et diverses sortes de variables : la taille des centres potentiels évaluée par l'emploi total, la taille de chaque secteur économique présents dans les centres évaluée par l'emploi par secteur, la localisation des centres, le nombre d'établissements et la population. De 1990 à 1999, nous soulignons quelques évidences empiriques de la suburbanisation de services. / The object of paper is to analyze the multicentric features of the Agglomeration of Dijon by studying the spatial organization of the economic activities and population. The study relates to the territory of the Agglomeration Community of Dijon (COMADI), which is composed of 16 towns. The space scale used is Iris-2000 zoning for the communes of more than 5000 inhabitants and the communal scale for the other towns belonging to the COMADI: the sample includes 114 observations. We use two databases available for two years (1990 and 1999): the SIRENE data for the employment by sectors of activities (ACTET10 and NAF700 nomenclatures) and the data of the RGP for the population. We study the spatial repartition of population and employment and show the polycentric form of the COMADI by identifying economic subcenters. We use the method proposed by Giuliano and Small. We complete these exogeneous identification method with a cluster analysis using the potential centers as observations and different type of variables: the size of the potential centers evaluated by the total employment, the size of each economic sector present in the centers evaluated by sector-based employment, the location of the centers, the number of firms and the population. From 1990 to 1999, we underline some empirical evidences of the suburbanisation of tertiary services

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne in its series LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) with number 2002-04.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: May 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lat:lateco:2002-04

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Pôle d'Economie et de Gestion - 2, bd Gabriel - BP 26611 - F-21066 Dijon cedex - France
Phone: 03 80 39 54 30
Fax: 03 80 39 54 43
Email:
Web page: http://www.leg.u-bourgogne.fr/
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Related research

Keywords: analyse des données; communauté d'agglomérations; espaces urbains multicentriques; pôles d'emplois; suburbanisation;

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References

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  1. Giuliano, Genevieve & Small, Kenneth A., 1991. "Subcenters in the Los Angeles Region," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt6ts0t95w, University of California Transportation Center.
  2. H Ogawa & M Fujita, 1989. "Nonmonocentric urban configurations in a two-dimensional space," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 21(3), pages 363-374, March.
  3. Anas, Alex & Arnott, Richard & Small, Kenneth A., 1997. "Urban Spatial Structure," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt835049q3, University of California Transportation Center.
  4. Small Kenneth A. & Song Shunfeng, 1994. "Population and Employment Densities: Structure and Change," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 292-313, November.
  5. W J Coffey & M Pol�se & R Drolet, 1996. "Examining the thesis of central business district decline: evidence from the Montreal metropolitan area," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 28(10), pages 1795-1814, October.
  6. McMillen, Daniel P., 1996. "One Hundred Fifty Years of Land Values in Chicago: A Nonparametric Approach," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 100-124, July.
  7. Fujita, Masahisa & Ogawa, Hideaki, 1982. "Multiple equilibria and structural transition of non-monocentric urban configurations," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 161-196, May.
  8. Frédéric Gaschet, 2002. "articles: The new intra-urban dynamics: Suburbanisation and functional specialisation in French cities," Papers in Regional Science, Springer, vol. 81(1), pages 63-81.
  9. Romanos, Michael C., 1977. "Household location in a linear multi-center metropolitan area," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 233-250, August.
  10. J Odland, 1976. "The spatial arrangement of urban activities: a simultaneous location model," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 8(7), pages 779-791, July.
  11. Griffith, Daniel A., 1981. "Modelling urban population density in a multi-centered city," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 298-310, May.
  12. J F McDonald & D P McMillen, 1990. "Employment subcenters and land values in a polycentric urban area: the case of Chicago," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 22(12), pages 1561-1574, December.
  13. G J Papageorgiou & H Mullally, 1976. "Urban residential analysis: 2. Spatial consumer equilibrium," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 8(5), pages 489-506, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Paolo VENERI, 2010. "The Identification of Sub-centres in Two Italian Metropolitan Areas: a Functional Approach," Working Papers 343, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  2. BAUMONT, Catherine & BOURDON, Françoise & Guillain, Rachel, 2003. "Mutations urbaines et logiques de localisation des emplois : le cas de la communauté de l'agglomération dijonnaise (1990;1999)," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2003-13, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
  3. BAUMONT, Catherine, 2004. "Spatial effects in housing price models. Do housing prices capitalize urban development policies in the agglomeration of Dijon (1999)?," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2004-04, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.

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