À la recherche de la centralité perdue
AbstractLes mutations majeures de l'organisation de l'espace Ã©conomique semblent remettre en question le concept de centralitÃ© et ses applications tout particuliÃ¨rement Ã l'Ã©chelle de la ville, des rÃ©seaux de villes et de l'Ã©conomie globalisÃ©e. L'Ã©talement urbain fait Ã©merger une centralitÃ© diffuse, multiple. La globalisation recompose les flux matÃ©riels et immatÃ©riels, et redistribue le pouvoir Ã©conomique au bÃ©nÃ©fice des villes globales. Une analyse prÃ©cise des termes Â« centre Â» et Â« centralitÃ© Â» et des phÃ©nomÃ¨nes qu'ils recouvrent permet de montrer que les schÃ©mas classiques, convenablement adaptÃ©s, restent pertinents Ã l'Ã©chelle des villes, mais que de nouveaux schÃ©mas de centralitÃ© apparaissent bien au niveau mondial, essentiellement sur une base rÃ©ticulaire. / The major changes of economic space organization seem to cast doubt over the concept of centrality and its applications, especially at the city, city network and global economy scales. Urban sprawl gives rise to a diffused or multiple centrality. Economic globalization reorganizes material and immaterial flows, and redistributes economic power to the advantage of global cities. A precise analysis of the terms center and centrality and of the phenomena they refer to permits to show that the classical patterns, if they are properly adapted, remain relevant at the urban scale, but that new centrality patterns are emerging at the world scale, on a reticular basis.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Armand Colin in its journal Revue d’Économie Régionale & Urbaine.
Volume (Year): juillet (2009)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-d-economie-regionale-et-urbaine.htm
centrality; cities; networks; globalization;
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- Krugman, Paul, 1991.
"Increasing Returns and Economic Geography,"
Journal of Political Economy,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-99, June.
- Fujita, Masahisa & Krugman, Paul & Mori, Tomoya, 1999. "On the evolution of hierarchical urban systems1," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 209-251, February.
- BOURDEAU-LEPAGE, Lise & HURIOT, Jean-Marie, 2004. "On poles and centers : cities in the french style," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2004-07, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
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