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The Effect of Labor Migration on the Diffusion of Democracy: Evidence from a Former Soviet Republic

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Author Info

  • Mahmoud, Toman Omar

    ()
    (Kiel Institute for the World Economy)

  • Rapoport, Hillel

    ()
    (Paris School of Economics)

  • Steinmayr, Andreas

    ()
    (University of St. Gallen)

  • Trebesch, Christoph

    ()
    (University of Munich)

Abstract

Migration contributes to the circulation of goods, knowledge, and ideas. Using community and individual-level data from Moldova, we show that the emigration wave that started in the late 1990s strongly affected electoral outcomes and political preferences in Moldova during the following decade and was eventually instrumental in bringing down the last ruling Communist government in Europe. Our results are suggestive of information transmission and cultural diffusion channels. Identification relies on the quasi-experimental context studied and on the differential effects arising from the fact that emigration was directed both to more democratic Western Europe and to less democratic Russia.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7980.

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Length: 68 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7980

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Keywords: emigration; political institutions; elections; social networks; information transmission; cultural diffusion;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Mercier, Marion, 2013. "The Return of the Prodigy Son: Do Return Migrants Make Better Leaders?," IZA Discussion Papers 7780, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Docquier, Frederic & Lodigiani, Elisabetta & Rapoport, Hillel & Schiff, Maurice, 2011. "Emigration and democracy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5557, The World Bank.
  3. Chauvet, Lisa & Mercier, Marion, 2014. "Do return migrants transfer political norms to their origin country? Evidence from Mali," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/12585, Paris Dauphine University.
  4. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00907277 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Matthias Lücke & Toman Omar Mahmoud & Christian Peuker, 2012. "Identifying the Motives of Migrant Philanthropy," Kiel Working Papers 1790, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  6. Luca Barbone & Mikhail Bonch-Osmolovskiyi & Matthias Luecke, 2013. "Labour Migration from the Eastern Partnership Countries: Evolution and Policy Options for Better Outcomes," CASE Network Reports 0113, CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research.

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