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The Effect of Labor Migration on the Diffusion of Democracy: Evidence from a Former Soviet Republic

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  • Toman Omar Mahmoud
  • Hillel Rapoport
  • Andreas Steinmayr
  • Christoph Trebesch

    ()

Abstract

Migration contributes to the circulation of goods, knowledge, and ideas. Using community and individual-level data from Moldova, we show that the emigration episode that started in the late 1990s strongly affected political preferences and electoral outcomes in Moldova during the following decade and was eventually instrumental in bringing down the last ruling Communist government in Europe. Our results are suggestive of information transmission and cultural diffusion channels. Identification relies on the quasi-experimental context studied and on the differential effects arising from the fact that emigration was directed both to more democratic Western Europe and to less democratic Russia.

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File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/DocBase_Content/WP/WP-CESifo_Working_Papers/wp-cesifo-2013/wp-cesifo-2013-09/cesifo1_wp4389.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 4389.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4389

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Keywords: emigration; political institutions; elections; social networks; information transmission; cultural diffusion;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Docquier, Frédéric & Lodigiani, Elisabetta & Rapoport, Hillel & Schiff, Maurice, 2011. "Emigration and Democracy," IZA Discussion Papers 5496, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Marion Mercier, 2013. "The Return of the Prodigy Son: Do Return Migrants make Better Leaders?," PSE Working Papers halshs-00907277, HAL.
  3. Matthias Lücke & Toman Omar Mahmoud & Christian Peuker, 2012. "Identifying the Motives of Migrant Philanthropy," Kiel Working Papers 1790, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  4. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00907277 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Luca Barbone & Mikhail Bonch-Osmolovskiyi & Matthias Luecke, 2013. "Labour Migration from the Eastern Partnership Countries: Evolution and Policy Options for Better Outcomes," CASE Network Reports 0113, CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research.
  6. Chauvet, Lisa & Mercier, Marion, 2014. "Do return migrants transfer political norms to their origin country? Evidence from Mali," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/12585, Paris Dauphine University.

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