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The Role of Marriage in the Causal Pathway from Economic Conditions Early in Life to Mortality

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Author Info

  • van den Berg, Gerard J.

    ()
    (University of Mannheim)

  • Gupta, Sumedha

    ()
    (Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the interplay between early-life conditions and marital status, as determinants of adult mortality. We use individual data from Dutch registers (years 1815-2000), combined with business cycle conditions in childhood as indicators of early-life conditions. The empirical analysis estimates bivariate duration models of marriage and mortality, allowing for unobserved heterogeneity and causal effects. Results show that conditions around birth and school ages are important for marriage and mortality. Men typically enjoy a protective effect of marriage on mortality, whereas women suffer during childbearing ages. Having been born under favorable economic conditions reduces female mortality during childbearing ages.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5454.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: forthcoming in: Journal of Health Economics, 2014
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5454

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Keywords: timing of events; marital status; lifetimes; life expectancy; recession; longevity; death; selectivity; health;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. M. Flores & A.S. Kalwij, 2012. "The associations between early life circumstances and later life health and employment in the Netherlands and Spain," Working Papers 11-10, Utrecht School of Economics.
  2. van den Berg, Gerard J. & Modin, Bitte, 2013. "Economic Conditions at Birth, Birth Weight, Ability, and the Causal Path to Cardiovascular Mortality," IZA Discussion Papers 7605, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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