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Immigration Background and the Intergenerational Correlation in Education

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  • Cobb-Clark, Deborah A.

    ()
    (University of Melbourne)

  • Nguyen, Trong-Ha

    ()
    (University of Queensland)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the degree of intergenerational education mobility among immigrant and native-born youth in Australia. We find that young Australians from non-English-speaking background (NESB) immigrant families have an educational advantage over their English-speaking background (ESB) immigrant and Australian-born peers. Moreover, while highly-educated Australian-born mothers and fathers transfer separate and roughly equal educational advantages to their children, outcomes for ESB (NESB) youth are most closely linked to the educational attainment of their fathers (mothers). On balance, intergenerational mobility in families with two highly-educated parents appears to be much the same for Australian-born and ESB families and is somewhat greater for NESB families. Finally, the greater importance that NESB mothers attribute to education appears to mitigate the educational penalty associated with socio-economic disadvantage.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4985.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Economic Record, 2012, 88(283), D 554 - 575
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4985

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Keywords: intergenerational; immigration; education;

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References

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  1. Jan C. van Ours & Justus Veenman, 2003. "The educational attainment of second-generation immigrants in The Netherland," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 16(4), pages 739-753, November.
  2. Algan, Yann & Dustmann, Christian & Glitz, Albrecht & Manning, Alan, 2009. "The Economic Situation of First- and Second-Generation Immigrants in France, Germany, and the UK," IZA Discussion Papers 4514, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Philipp C. Bauer & Regina T. Riphahn, 2009. "Age at School Entry and Intergenerational Educational Mobility," CESifo Working Paper Series 2541, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. David Card & John DiNardo & Eugena Estes, 2000. "The More Things Change: Immigrants and the Children of Immigrants in the 1940s, the 1970s, and the 1990s," NBER Chapters, in: Issues in the Economics of Immigration, pages 227-270 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Ira N. Gang & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2000. "Is Child like Parent? Educational Attainment and Ethnic Origin," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 35(3), pages 550-569.
  6. Christian Dustmann, 2005. "Intergenerational Mobility and Return Migration: Comparing sons of foreign and native born fathers," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0505, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  7. Hoyt Bleakley & Aimee Chin, 2008. "What Holds Back the Second Generation?: The Intergenerational Transmission of Language Human Capital Among Immigrants," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 43(2), pages 267-298.
  8. Bauer, Philipp C. & Riphahn, Regina T., 2004. "Heterogeneity in the Intergenerational Transmission of Educational Attainment: Evidence from Switzerland on Natives and Second Generation Immigrants," IZA Discussion Papers 1354, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. George J. Borjas, 1991. "Ethnic Capital and Intergenerational Mobility," NBER Working Papers 3788, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Teresa Casey & Christian Dustmann, 2008. "Intergenerational Transmission of Language Capital and Economic Outcomes," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 43(3), pages 4660-687.
  11. Helena Skyt Nielsen & Michael Rosholm & Nina Smith & Leif Husted, 2003. "The school-to-work transition of 2 nd generation immigrants in Denmark," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 16(4), pages 755-786, November.
  12. Joachim R. Frick & Gert G. Wagner, 2000. "Short Term Living Conditions and Long Term Prospects of Immigrant Children in Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 229, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  13. Chen, Wen-Hao & Aydemir, Abdurrahman & Corak, Miles, 2008. "Intergenerational Education Mobility Among the Children of Canadian Immigrants," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2008316e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  14. Brian Nolan, 2010. "Promoting the Well-Being of Immigrant Youth," Working Papers, Geary Institute, University College Dublin 201017, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
  15. Anh T. Le, 2009. "Entry into University: Are The Children of Immigrants Disadvantaged?," Economics Discussion / Working Papers, The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics 09-01, The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics.
  16. Jennifer Glick & Michael White, 2003. "academic trajectories of immigrant youths: Analysis within and across cohorts," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 40(4), pages 759-783, November.
  17. Arthur Sweetman & Gordon Dicks, 1999. "Education and Ethnicity in Canada: An Intergenerational Perspective," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 34(4), pages 668-696.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Deborah A. Cobb-Clark & Mathias Sinning & Steven Stillman, 2011. "Migrant Youths‘ Educational Achievement: The Role of Institutions," Ruhr Economic Papers, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen 0292, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  2. Kate H. Choi & Marta Tienda & Deborah Cobb-Clark & Mathias Sinning, 2011. "Immigration and Status Exchange in Australia and the United States," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2011n12, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
  3. Simone Schüller, 2012. "Parental Ethnic Identity and Educational Attainment of Second-Generation Immigrants," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 443, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  4. Annabelle Krause & Ulf Rinne & Simone Schüller, 2012. "Kick It Like Özil?: Decomposing the Native-Migrant Education Gap," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 508, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  5. Regina Flake, 2013. "Young FSU Migrants in Germany: Educational Attainment and Early Labor Market Outcomes," Ruhr Economic Papers, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen 0425, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.

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